Determination of Ba, Cs, Mo, Zr and U in SIMFuel samples by ICP-AES and ICP-MS for the study of fission products behavior during a nuclear severe accident. - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Conference Papers Year : 2019

Determination of Ba, Cs, Mo, Zr and U in SIMFuel samples by ICP-AES and ICP-MS for the study of fission products behavior during a nuclear severe accident.

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Abstract

The development of realistic models for fission products behavior during a nuclear severe accident requires experimental data on fission products speciation into the fuel. In this context, several batches of dense UO$_2$ samples containing fission products surrogates under different chemical forms have been prepared and sintered, to be further submitted to thermal treatments in order to characterize fission products speciation under controlled temperature and oxygen potential conditions. To that end, a large number of as-fabricated samples from these experiments were analyzed by ICP-AES and ICP-MS after dissolution. A separation step by liquid chromatography on UTEVA resin was essential before the ICP-AES measurements to overcome the problems of spectral interferences and matrix effects caused by uranium. This study emphasizes the complementarity of these two techniques in nuclear fuel characterization. The advantage of the ICP-AES analysis on simultaneous device is explained in details. The importance of the integrated collision reaction cell in ICP-MS to avoid many problems of polyatomic interferences for the quantification of Cs and Ba is highlighted.
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cea-02394096 , version 1 (24-02-2020)

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  • HAL Id : cea-02394096 , version 1

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A. Labet, M. Aubert, S. Pontremoli, C. Winkelmann, C. Legall, et al.. Determination of Ba, Cs, Mo, Zr and U in SIMFuel samples by ICP-AES and ICP-MS for the study of fission products behavior during a nuclear severe accident.. European Winter Conference on Plasma Spectrochemistry (EWCPS 2019), Feb 2019, Pau, France. ⟨cea-02394096⟩

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