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Two-tanks heat storage for variable electricity production in SFR: preliminary architecture and transient results

Abstract : The prospective energy mix scenarii generally imply a large contribution of renewable energy. The increasing use of solar and wind energies, which are intrinsically intermittent, actually constitutes a source of uncertain-ties and fragilities for the electrical grid. As nuclear energy produces heat before being converted into elec-tricity, a step of heat storage prior to the heat conversion step might be effective to remedy this intermittence in order to ensure the grid reliability and flexibility without involving large variations of the nuclear core power. Depending on the daily scenarii, the nuclear core could even stay at its maximal power all day long. Following this approach, a smaller core is then able to cope with the same peaks of demand than a larger one without heat storage systems. In this paper, a preliminary heat storage architecture coupled to a Sodium Fast Reactor is proposed in order to highlight the benefits of such a storage technology. The technical design based on two tanks respectively containing hot and cold fluids is inspired by current solar power technologies. The sizing of this system is carried out with a Thermodynamic Cycle Optimization tool (CYCLOP) and preliminary transients are simulated with the system thermal-hydraulics code CATHARE3. Even if some architecture improvements are still necessary, especially for safety related reasons, this study enables to draw the main benefits of such an electricity production strategy. In particular, it is shown that a variable electricity production while operating the reactor at base load is possible in load following condi-tions, thus enabling to optimize the plant profitability. As the impact on the primary circuit is shown to be negligible in terms of temperature evolutions, thermomechanical loading constraints in the vessel may also be drastically relaxed.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, March 17, 2020 - 11:09:25 AM
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  • HAL Id : cea-02394093, version 1

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J.-B Droin, D. Haubensack, D. Barbier, L. Brissonneau, P. Dienot. Two-tanks heat storage for variable electricity production in SFR: preliminary architecture and transient results. ICAPP 2019 - International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants, American Nuclear Society (ANS); The Atomic Energy Society of Japan (AESJ); The Korea Nuclear Society (KNS); The French Nuclear Society (SFEN), May 2019, Juan Les Pins, France. ⟨cea-02394093⟩

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