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Particle Size vs. Local Environment Relationship for ThO2 and PuO

Abstract : Nanomaterials have attracted considerable interest in recent interdisciplinary research for their technological applications related to the nanometric size of the building blocks composing the solids (ex crystallite or atomic and molecular groups).[1,2] Nanostructured materials can be defined as solid samples exhibiting a microstructure the characteristic length scale of which is roughly ranging between 1 and 10 nm.[1] The controlled microstructure of materials at the atomic level offers new physical and chemical properties in comparison to similar bulk materials already applied, for instance, in catalysis, synthesis of luminescent materials, preparation of cosmetic and solar creams, preparation of solar cells, etc.[3,4] Such paradigm has been attributed to the increased surface-to-volume ratio of the shrinking particle size which increase the number of surface and interface atoms generating stress, stain, and structural perturbations.[2] In actinide chemistry, the synthesis and characterization of nanomaterials is very scarce but is of growing interest due to the contribution of actinide nanomaterials in environment (ex migration of actinides) and industry (ex high burn up structures). Recently, we observed the nanostructuration of PuO2 and noticed its outstanding reactivity under ultrasound irradiation which stirred up our curiosity concerning the local environment of this oxide at the nanoscale.[5] In this work, we investigate the synthesis and relevant characterization of nanostructured PuO2 and ThO2. Th can be considered as a good surrogate for Pu because both elements exhibit close ionic radii, their oxide crystallize in the fluorite Fm-3m structure, and they both exist at the (+IV) oxidation state. More precisely, Th only exists at the +IV oxidation state thus avoiding misinterpretations related to the potential contribution of other oxidation states in the crystalline structure. The synthesis studies allowed us to select the nanostructuration conditions for the various oxides and a careful characterization and correlation with AFM, HR-TEM, Raman spectroscopy, XRD and XAS techniques allowed us to probe the local disorder for the various oxides as a function of the particle size. Particularly, EXAFS investigations clearly show a linear decrease of the coordination number for An-O and An-An spheres with the shrinking particle sizes. The crystalline nature of the particles (HR-TEM, XRD) suggest that these observation are correlated to the increasing surface contribution of these particles. These new results raise the question of the physico-chemical properties of oxide nanomaterials crystallizing in the fluorite structure which are materials of paramount importance for engineering applications such as nuclear energy, solid oxide fuel cells, catalysis, or sensors.
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https://hal-cea.archives-ouvertes.fr/cea-02394079
Contributor : Bibliothèque Cadarache <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, December 4, 2019 - 4:03:23 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 28, 2020 - 11:28:14 AM

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  • HAL Id : cea-02394079, version 1

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L. Bonato, M. Virot, E. Dalodiere, T. Dumas, A. Mesbah, et al.. Particle Size vs. Local Environment Relationship for ThO2 and PuO. 49emes Journees des Actinides (JdA-2019), Apr 2019, Erice, Italy. ⟨cea-02394079⟩

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