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Detailed examination of deformations induced by internal hydrogen explosions Part 2 Models

Abstract : In industries handling hydrogen, explosion is feared because of its effects on people and property. In the nuclear industry, this explosion, which is possible during severe accidents, can challenge the containment and potentially release radioactive materials into the environment. The Three Mile Island accident in the United States in 1979 and more recently the Fukushima accident in Japan have highlighted the importance of this phenomenon for a safe operation of nuclear installations and during accident management. In 2013, the French Research Agency (ANR) launched the MITHYGENE project with the main aim of improving knowledge on hydrogen risk for the benefit of reactor safety. In this project, one of the areas of work concerned the effect of hydrogen explosions. In this context, CEA carried out a test program with its SSEXHY facility and CFD computational analysis with the EUROPLEXUS code to build a database on deformations of simple structures following an internal hydrogen explosion. Different regimes of explosion propagation have been studied from detonation to slow deflagration. Different targets were tested such as plates of variable thickness and cylinders. Detailed instrumentation was used to obtain data for the validation of coupled CFD models of combustion and structural dynamics. In this validation work, a step-by-step approach was adopted, starting by validating the target boundary conditions with quasi-static tests. Then, the dynamics of the structures were studied in a decoupled manner and finally in a coupled manner with the treatment of the propagation of the explosion in the tube.A companion article details the experimental set-up and the results obtained. This article now focuses on the comparison between experimental results and the prediction of numerical CFD models.
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https://hal-cea.archives-ouvertes.fr/cea-02394053
Contributor : Bibliothèque Cadarache <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, December 4, 2019 - 4:02:54 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 28, 2020 - 11:28:14 AM

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  • HAL Id : cea-02394053, version 1

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CEA | DEN

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O. Halim, E. Studer, S. Koudriakov, B. Cariteau, A. Beccantini. Detailed examination of deformations induced by internal hydrogen explosions Part 2 Models. Unknown, Sep 2019, Adelaide, Australia. ⟨cea-02394053⟩

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