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Experimental study of gas entrainment from surface swirl

Abstract : Gas entrainment from surface swirls is characterized using water experiments. A free surface shear flow is generated in an open channel flow. A suction nozzle is set at the bottom of the test section to induce a downward flow and provoke gas entrainment. An important originality of these experiments is the possibility to change the inlet condition so as to generate different turbulent shear flows. This is done by adding obstacles of different sizes and shapes at the end of a flat plate separating the inlet flow from a "stagnant" water area. Velocity fields and profiles, measured with the PIV technique, are provided to describe the inlet conditions corresponding to various geometries and flow rates. Gas entrainment mapping are established from direct observations of the different flow configurations. These new results show that the threshold for the suction velocities required to entrain gas are similar for the configurations with small obstacles and the flat plate configuration triggering a standard shear flow. Increasing the size of the obstacles promotes gas entrainment and reduces the threshold values of the suction velocity to trigger gas entrainment. Shadowgraphy with image processing is used to present new results characterizing the geometrical properties of surface swirls and the quantity of gas entrained. Inlet configurations with obstacles generate larger surface swirls which move upstream from the suction nozzle centre whereas they are situated downstream with the flat plate configuration. Moreover, dimensionless power laws are found to be good approximations for the surface swirl width and the quantity of gas entrained. In addition to provide new insights about gas entrainment in analytical configurations relevant to Sodium cooled fast nuclear reactor, these results should provide different test cases for the validation of MCFD codes, e.g. TRIO-U, NEPTUNE-CFD.
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B. Moudjed, J. Excoffon, R. Riva, L. Rossi. Experimental study of gas entrainment from surface swirl. Nuclear Engineering and Design, Elsevier, 2016, 310, pp.351-362. ⟨10.1016/j.nucengdes.2016.10.019⟩. ⟨cea-02389176⟩

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