Experimental and modelling study of ruthenium extraction with tri-n-butylphosphate in the purex process - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Chemical Engineering Science Year : 2017

Experimental and modelling study of ruthenium extraction with tri-n-butylphosphate in the purex process

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Abstract

Ruthenium extraction by tri-n-butylphosphate (TBP) from nitric acid was studied and modelled in the conditions of the PUREX process. Experimental distribution ratios obtained for water, nitric acid and ruthenium were described with a physicochemical model based on the application of the mass action law on each extraction equilibrium and by taking into account deviations from thermodynamic ideal behaviour both in aqueous and organic phase using Mikulin and Sergievskii-Dannus equations. The best agreement between experimental and calculated ruthenium extraction isotherms was obtained by considering the formation of two complexes TBP$_2$RuNO (NO$_3$)$_3$(H$_2$O)$_2$ and TBP$_3$RuNO (NO$_3$)$_3$(H$_2$O)$_2$ ̅̅in organic phase. This model was implemented in the CEA-AREVA PAREX process simulation code and used to simulate ruthenium behaviour in a counter-current PUREX hot test performed in mixer-settlers.
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Dates and versions

cea-02388818 , version 1 (02-12-2019)

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P. Moeyaert, M. Miguirditchian, M. Masson, B. Dinh, X. Heres, et al.. Experimental and modelling study of ruthenium extraction with tri-n-butylphosphate in the purex process. Chemical Engineering Science, 2017, 158, pp.580-586. ⟨10.1016/j.ces.2016.10.035⟩. ⟨cea-02388818⟩

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