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Characterization of Actinides Complexed to Nuclear Fuel Constituents Using ESI-MS

Abstract : Electrospray ionization - mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) was tested for its use in monitoring spent nuclear fuel (SNF) constituents including U, Pu, dibutyl phosphate (DBP) and tributyl phosphate (TBP). Both positive and negative ion modes were used to evaluate the speciation of U and Pu with TBP and DBP. Furthermore, apparent stability constants were determined for U complexed to TBP and DBP. In positive ion mode, TBP produced a strong signal with and without complexation to U or Pu, but in negative ion mode, no TBP, U-TBP, or Pu-TBP complexes were observed. Apparent stability constants were determined for [UO2(NO3 )2(TBP)2], [UO2(NO3)2(H2O)(TBP)2], and [UO2(NO3)2(TBP)3]. In contrast DBP, U-DBP and Pu-DBP complexes were observed in both positive and negative ion modes. Apparent stability constants were determined for the species [UO2(DBP)], [UO2(DBP)3], and [UO2(DBP)4]. Analyzing mixtures of U or Pu with TBP and DBP in positive ion mode yielded the formation of ternary complexes whose stoichiometry was directly related to the ratio of TBP to DBP. The ESI-MS protocols used in this study will further demonstrate the utility of ESI-MS and its applicability to process control monitoring in SNF reprocessing facilities.
Keywords : nuclear fuel
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https://hal-cea.archives-ouvertes.fr/cea-02383131
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Submitted on : Wednesday, November 27, 2019 - 3:34:57 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, June 25, 2020 - 2:54:34 PM

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Luther Mcdonald, James Campbell, Thomas Vercouter, Sue Clark. Characterization of Actinides Complexed to Nuclear Fuel Constituents Using ESI-MS. Analytical Chemistry, American Chemical Society, 2016, 88 (5), pp.2614-2621. ⟨10.1021/acs.analchem.5b03352⟩. ⟨cea-02383131⟩

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