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A new mechanism for increasing density peaking in tokamaks: Improvement of the inward particle pinch with edge $E$X$B$ shearing

Abstract : Developing successful tokamak operation scenarios, as well as confident extrapolation of present-day knowledge requires a rigorous understanding of plasma turbulence, which largely determines the quality of the confinement. In particular, accurate particle transport predictions are essential due to the strong dependence of fusion power or bootstrap current on the particle density details. Here, gyrokinetic turbulence simulations are performed with physics inputs taken from a JET power scan, for which a relatively weak degradation of energy confinement and a significant density peaking is obtained with increasing input power. This way physics parameters that lead to such increase in the density peaking shall be elucidated. While well-known candidates, such as the collisionality, previously found in other studies are also recovered in this study, it is furthermore found that edge $E×B$ shearing may adopt a crucial role by enhancing the inward pinch. These results may indicate that a plasma with rotational shear could develop a stronger density peaking as compared to a non-rotating one, because its inward convection is increased compared to the outward diffusive particle flux as long as this rotation has a significant on $E$X$B$ flow shear stabilisation. The possibly significant implications for future devices, which will exhibit much less torque compared to present day experiments, are discussed.
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J. Garcia, H. Doerk, T. Görler. A new mechanism for increasing density peaking in tokamaks: Improvement of the inward particle pinch with edge $E$X$B$ shearing. Theory of Fusion Plasmas joint Varenna -Lausanne International Workshop, Aug 2018, Varenne, Italy. ⟨10.1088/1361-6587/ab31a4⟩. ⟨cea-02378868⟩



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