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Impact of scaling laws on tokamak reactor dimensioning

Abstract : A simple and comprehensive method is derived and used to quantify the impact of scaling laws on tokamak reactor dimensioning. Assuming prescribed geometrical coefficients, we find the ensemble of possible triplets $R$, $B$ and normalized beta $\beta _N$ which allow one to reach target fusion gain $Q$ and fusion power $P_{fus}$, at arbitrary Greenwald fraction. The model is generic and derived for any scaling law of the energy confinement time. Using the IPB98(y,2) scaling law [ITER Physics Basis Expert Groups on Confinement and Transport and Confinement Modelling and Database, ITER Physics Basis Editors 1999 $Nucl.\ Fusion$ 39 2175] leads to ITER specifications, as expected. The recently proposed new scaling law for H-mode plasmas (DS03, [A.C.C. Sips et al. 2018 $Nucl.\ Fusion$ 58 126010]) is shown to lead to modest changes to the dimensioning, except for $B$ which could be significantly smaller for the same target performance. The impact on the dimensioning of critical exponents of the scaling law-both regarding engineer and dimensionless variables-is assessed, pushing for their determination with refined accuracy. Finally, the method is applied to a DEMO-like machine. The DS03 scaling law is found to have favorable consequences on the dimensioning as compared to IPB98(y,2), provided one is able to operate at larger $\beta _N$ , which can reveal challenging in a reactor aiming at zero disruption. Importantly, the opposite scaling of both scaling laws with respect to the aspect ratio are shown to have significant consequences on the optimal choice of this critical parameter.
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Submitted on : Monday, November 25, 2019 - 10:09:47 AM
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Y. Sarazin, J. Hillairet, J.-L Duchateau, K Gaudimont, R Varennes, et al.. Impact of scaling laws on tokamak reactor dimensioning. Nuclear Fusion, IOP Publishing, 2019, 60, pp.016010. ⟨10.1088/1741-4326/ab48a5⟩. ⟨cea-02378299⟩

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