International Standard Problem on containment thermal-hydraulics ISP47 - STEP1 - Results from the MISTRA exercise

Abstract : The understanding of hydrogen distribution during severe accidents in a nuclear reactor containment is still an open issue. Several containment thermal-hydraulics international standard (ISP) have been conducted to address this topic. However the predictions made by the available Lumped Parameter or CFD computer codes were generally not satisfactory. Therefore a new exercise was launched in 1999 using new state-of-the-art experimental facilities TOSQAN, MISTRA and ThAI that included sophisticated 3D instrumentation and well controled boundary conditions. Predictive capabilities of important and still uncertain phenomena such as wall condensation, natural circulation and gas stratification are assessed. In addition, comparison between LP and CFD codes and assessment of the capability of CFD codes to deal with scaling effects are performed. This article reports on the part of the exercise which concerns the MISTRA facility includind experimental results and blind benchmark exercises.
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E. Studer, J.P. Magnaud, F. Dabbene, I. Tkatschenko. International Standard Problem on containment thermal-hydraulics ISP47 - STEP1 - Results from the MISTRA exercise. Nuclear Engineering and Design, Elsevier, 2006, 237 (5), pp.536-551. ⟨10.1016/j.nucengdes.2006.08.008⟩. ⟨cea-02355776⟩

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