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Carbon Nanotube-Templated Synthesis of Covalent Porphyrin Network for Oxygen Reduction Reaction

Ismail Hijazi 1 Tiphaine Bourgeteau 1 Adina Morozan 1 Renaud Cornut 1 B. Jousselme 1 Stéphane Campidelli 1
1 LICSEN - Laboratoire Innovation en Chimie des Surfaces et NanoSciences
NIMBE UMR 3685 - Nanosciences et Innovation pour les Matériaux, la Biomédecine et l'Energie (ex SIS2M)
Abstract : The fabrication of functional hybrid materials that preserves and combines the properties of their building blocks is a central issue of nanosciences. Among the different classes of nanomaterials, carbon nanotubes are promising for electronics, catalysis and composite applications. Within the context of sustainable development and renewable energy, we and others envisioned the use of functionalized or doped carbon nanotubes in electrocatalytic systems. 1,2 In such systems, the catalytic sites need to be supported on conducting materials. Carbon nanotubes, thanks to their electrical conductivity and their high surface area appear as the ideal material for that purpose. In actual proton exchange membrane fuel cell devices (PEMFC), the reactions at the electrodes and in particular the reduction of oxygen is performed by platinum nanoparticles. The cost of platinum encourages the development of new catalysts based on non-noble metals. In nature, the reduction of oxygen is performed by iron porphyrins in the active center of enzymes. Thus bio-inspired catalysts based on cobalt or iron macrocycles have been extensively studied for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). 3,4 Here, we describe the formation of a covalent network of porphyrins around MWNTs. Our approach is based on adsorption of ethynylporphyrins followed by the dimerization of the triple bonds. The nanotube acts as a template for the formation of the polymeric layer. The nanotube hybrids were characterized and tested for the ORR in a series of electrochemical measurements in acidic conditions. Compared to similar systems in which monomeric porphyrins are simply physisorbed, the nanotube hybrib showed a higher activity, a higher current density, a lower overpotential and a four electrons reaction pathway.
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Ismail Hijazi, Tiphaine Bourgeteau, Adina Morozan, Renaud Cornut, B. Jousselme, et al.. Carbon Nanotube-Templated Synthesis of Covalent Porphyrin Network for Oxygen Reduction Reaction. International Conference on Porphyrins and Phthalocyanines (ICPP-9), Jul 2016, Nanjing, China. ⟨cea-02349553⟩

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