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Poster communications

Mg$^{2+}$ doping effect on ionic conductivity of Li$_{1,15}$Zr$_{1,85}$Y$_{0,15}$(PO$_4$)$_3$ Nasicon-type solid electrolyte for all-solid-state lithium ions batteries

Adriana Castillo 1 Saïd Yagoubi 1 Olivier Rapaud 2 Nicolas Pradeilles 2 Thibault Charpentier 3 Eddy Foy 4, 5 Hicham Khodja 1
1 LEEL - UMR 3685 - Laboratoire d'Etudes des Eléments Légers
NIMBE UMR 3685 - Nanosciences et Innovation pour les Matériaux, la Biomédecine et l'Energie (ex SIS2M)
3 LSDRM - Laboratoire Structure et Dynamique par Résonance Magnétique (LCF)
NIMBE UMR 3685 - Nanosciences et Innovation pour les Matériaux, la Biomédecine et l'Energie (ex SIS2M)
4 LAPA - UMR 3685 - Laboratoire Archéomatériaux et Prévision de l'Altération
NIMBE UMR 3685 - Nanosciences et Innovation pour les Matériaux, la Biomédecine et l'Energie (ex SIS2M)
5 IRAMAT - LMC - IRAMAT - Laboratoire Métallurgies et Cultures
IRAMAT - Institut de Recherches sur les Archéomatériaux
Abstract : Solid electrolytes with Nasicon structure are already envisioned as promising Li$^+$ conductive materials for all-solid-state batteries with good chemical stability in ambient atmosphere and wide electrochemical stability window. Li$^+$ ionic conductivity of $\sim$10$^{-4}$ S/cm at room temperature was achieved for Li$_{1,15}$Zr$_{1,85}$Y$_{0,15}$(PO$_4$)$_3$ due to stabilization of better conductive rhombohedral phase (alpha) toward orthorhombic phase (beta) by Y$^{3+}$ doping of Zr sites in the structure. Here we examine the impact of Mg doping and evaluate the potential Li$^+$ /Mg$^{2+}$ conductivity in these structures for hybrid « Li$^+$ /Mg$^{2+}$ » all-solid-state batteries, already demonstrated in conventional batteries with liquid electrolyte. Several Mg$^{2+}$ doped Nasicon samples were synthetized by modified Pechini route, and the gels were heated from 350°C to 1200°C under air with intermediate grindings. XRD was used to follow the synthesis and identify the formed phases depending on the doping level. $^6$Li and $^{31}$P MAS NMR will be used to evaluate the ions sites occupancy on the different samples. Ionic conductivity measurements were done by Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy on gold sputtered samples sintered by Spark Plasma Sintering method with high relative density (>95%). We found that Mg$^{2+}$ doping hinders the alpha phase formation, but at the same time both Li$^+$ and Mg$^{2+}$ are suspected to contribute to the conductivity in this solid electrolyte material. Further analysis will be held to study the Li$^+$ and MgMg$^{2+}$ diffusions in these materials using post-mortem ion beam analysis on half-cells with Mg metal or Li metal anodes.
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Adriana Castillo, Saïd Yagoubi, Olivier Rapaud, Nicolas Pradeilles, Thibault Charpentier, et al.. Mg$^{2+}$ doping effect on ionic conductivity of Li$_{1,15}$Zr$_{1,85}$Y$_{0,15}$(PO$_4$)$_3$ Nasicon-type solid electrolyte for all-solid-state lithium ions batteries. 1rst International Symposium on Solid State Batteries, May 2018, Dübendorf, Switzerland. ⟨cea-02340786⟩

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