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Exploring the electrochemical behavior of InSb as negative electrode for Mg-ion batteries

Magali Gauthier 1 Lucie Blondeau 1 Eddy Foy 2, 3 Suzy Surblé 1 Hicham Khodja 1
1 LEEL - UMR 3685 - Laboratoire d'Etudes des Eléments Légers
NIMBE UMR 3685 - Nanosciences et Innovation pour les Matériaux, la Biomédecine et l'Energie (ex SIS2M)
2 LAPA - UMR 3685 - Laboratoire Archéomatériaux et Prévision de l'Altération
NIMBE UMR 3685 - Nanosciences et Innovation pour les Matériaux, la Biomédecine et l'Energie (ex SIS2M)
3 IRAMAT - LMC - IRAMAT - Laboratoire Métallurgies et Cultures
IRAMAT - Institut de Recherches sur les Archéomatériaux
Abstract : Magnesium metal has a tendency to react with conventional electrolytes to form a barrier on its surface[1], rendering cations exchange impossible, and thus dramatically limiting reversible stripping/deposition of Mg. Unlike Mg metal, alloys based on p-block elements (Sn, Sb, In, Pb, Bi) do not appear to suffer from the formation of a blocking passivation layer in conventional electrolytes. These substitute electrodes appear therefore as a promising solution to overcome the problem of compatibility with electrolytes, even if the reaction mechanisms behind their operation in conventional electrolytes are still unsolved. In order to improve the performance of these electrodes, we evaluated a possible synergy effect between p-block elements, as already shown for SnSb[2] and BiSb[3]. We chose to work on InSb that may combine the high theoretical capacity of Sb and the lowest working potential reported for In. InSb, synthetized by ball-milling, shows an electrochemical behavior (Figure 1) drastically different from those of the lone elements. We will demonstrate that the combination of In and Sb is beneficial as it promotes the reactivity of Sb, similarly to BiSb alloy[3]. Structural and morphological ex situ characterization will also be described in details and correlated with the peculiar electrochemical behavior of InSb. Figure 1: Voltage profile of an InSb-based electrode cycled at a rate of C/100 in an electrolyte based of EtMgCl and Et2AlCl in THF.
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Magali Gauthier, Lucie Blondeau, Eddy Foy, Suzy Surblé, Hicham Khodja. Exploring the electrochemical behavior of InSb as negative electrode for Mg-ion batteries. 2nd International Symposium on magnesium Batteries, Sep 2018, Ulm, Germany. ⟨cea-02340295⟩

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