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First-principles investigation on the bulk properties of americium dioxide and sesquioxides

Abstract : We report an investigation of the ground state properties of americium dioxide and its sesquioxides using first-principles calculations. In order to take into account strong 5f electronic correlations, we apply the generalized gradient approximation (GGA)+U as well as the hybrid functionals to these compounds. We present a systematic study of several bulk properties such as structural, elastic, energetic, electronic and magnetic properties as a function of the U and J GGA+U parameters in the range of 0.0-8.0 eV and 0.00-0.75 eV respectively. The values (U,J) = (6.00 eV,0.75 eV) for onsite Coulomb interaction U and exchange J parameters are those providing the best description of bulk properties by comparison to the available experimental data. We discuss the effect of loss of symmetry caused by DFT+U on several properties. We also discuss the effect of the spin-orbit coupling on these properties. Furthermore, we highlight that in order to reach the ground state of americium dioxide and sesquioxides using GGA+U, the monitoring of the occupation matrices of 5f correlated orbitals is crucial. Our computational scheme provides reliable and accurate results concerning several bulk properties that had not been studied experimentally yet. For instance, our elastic constants calculated for AmO2 follow the same trend as those of other actinide oxides (UO2, NpO2 and PuO2) and can be used as reference. We have also computed the dielectric properties of americium dioxide. Finally, we find the A-type hexagonal structure to be the most stable structure at low temperature for americium sesquioxides. For this phase, we predict the internal structural parameters as well as the bulk modulus. We provide the first data concerning the formation enthalpy of the Am2O3 bcc C-type.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, October 30, 2019 - 3:22:03 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 31, 2022 - 4:46:23 PM

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S. Talla Noutack M, G. Geneste, M. Freyss, G. Jomard. First-principles investigation on the bulk properties of americium dioxide and sesquioxides. Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics (1998-2015), American Physical Society, 2018, ⟨10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.3.035001⟩. ⟨cea-02339773⟩



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