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Wavefield characteristics and spatial incoherency - a comparative study from Argostoli rock- and soil-site dense seismic arrays

Abstract : The current article presents the results from the analysis of the seismic events recorded from a dense array located on a rock site at Argostoli, Cephalonia Island, Greece. The objective of the study is to explore to what extent the non-direct, diffracted surface waves influence the seismic wavefield at a rock site, to investigate the loss of coherency of ground motions and to compare the results with those from a previously studied similar array located at an adjacent small, shallow sedimentary valley. The array consists of 21 velocimeters encompassing a central station in four concentric circles with diameters 20, 60, 180 and 360 m. The analyzed seismic dataset includes 40 events with magnitudes ranging from 2 to 5 and epicentral distance up to 200 km. MUSIQUE algorithm has been used to analyze the seismic wavefield by extracting the backazimuth and slowness of the dominant incoming waves and identifying the Love and Rayleigh waves. Lagged coherency has been estimated for all the available station pairs in the array and the results from the entire dataset have been averaged at four separation distance intervals, 10-20, 20-30, 30-40, 80-90 m. The results were also compared with those from a similar array located on an adjacent small, shallow sedimentary valley. The analysis suggests that about 20percent energy of the wavefield could be characterized as diffracted Love and Rayleigh waves, primarily arriving from the north-east and north-south directions, respectively. The spatial coherency estimations at the rock site are, generally, observed to be larger than those from the sedimentary array, especially at frequencies below 5 Hz. The directionality of coherency estimates observed from the soil array is absent in case of the rock array data. Comparison with the widely-quoted parametric models reveals that there is little correlation between the decay of coherency observed at the rock site and the models. The significant difference observed between the results of the rock and soil array indicate that the spatial incoherency is largely site dependent and could be potentially associated with the formation of locally generated wavefield
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Afifa Imtiaz, Vincent Perron, Fabrice Hollender, Pierre-Yves Bard, Cécile Cornou, et al.. Wavefield characteristics and spatial incoherency - a comparative study from Argostoli rock- and soil-site dense seismic arrays. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, Seismological Society of America, 2018, 108 (5A), pp.2839-2853. ⟨10.1785/0120180025⟩. ⟨cea-02339740⟩

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