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Influence of the powder characteristics on the final properties of powder-bed laser additively oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) Fe-14Cr steel parts

Abstract : Additive manufacturing processes are promising technologies, currently considered as new opportunities to optimize metallic components production routes, especially in aerospace, automotive, medical and energy industries. The development of the application fields of these technologies involves an increase in the number of possible printed materials. In order to become a robust and reliable way of production of metallic functional components, mastering these technologies must still address challenges. In this framework, the study of the defects impact on final properties of designed components is essential. To assess the potentialities of additive manufacturing in nuclear industry, ODS Fe-14Cr steels are produced by selective laser melting (SLM). ODS steels are studied due to their improved resistance under neutron irradiation thanks to a fine dispersion of nanosized Y-Ti-O precipitates. Such materials are produced by a first step mechanical alloying. The resulting powder is characterized by a non-spherical shape and are coarser than powders typically used in SLM equipment. The analyzes such as composition, density, particles size distribution, flowability and morphology are performed on this powder. The milled powder is then used to produce ODS steel parts as raw material or after some modifications such as sieving or annealing. The objective of this work is to study the impact of the powder characteristics on the final material properties. As expected, powder characteristics strongly influence the final density of solidified parts. The choice of the thickness layer is also an important parameter that has to be related with the particle size distribution of the powder. The optimization of processing parameters (scanning speed, scanning strategy, laser power, etc…) and powder characteristics lead to a significant improvement of final material properties. In this context, last results regarding ODS steels additive manufacturing study will be presented and new insights for industrial fabrication will be given.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, October 30, 2019 - 1:28:52 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 28, 2020 - 11:28:14 AM


  • HAL Id : cea-02339276, version 1



E. Vasquez, Pf. Giroux, F. Lomello, H. Maskrot, Ph. Castany. Influence of the powder characteristics on the final properties of powder-bed laser additively oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) Fe-14Cr steel parts. Metal Additive Manufacturing Conference 2018, Nov 2018, Vienne, Austria. ⟨cea-02339276⟩



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