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Assessing the Uncertainty of Reactivity Worth Scale Measurements

Abstract : The characteristics of any nuclear power plant should be determined according to well-defined calculation conditions and accuracies. The neutronic tools should go under a series of verification, validation and uncertainty quantification processes. The proof of the best estimate values plus uncertainties of the neutronic tools should be achieved using measurements in critical facilities. Concerning the sodium void reactivity worths in sodium fast reactor cores (SFR), measurements can take the usual form of successive substitutions of different materials (voided rodlets replacing Na rodlets for instance) and different sizes in order to vary the relative importance of central and leakage components.The reactivity variations induced by these changes are compensated by a change in the position of the shim rod if the reactivity variation is smaller than half a $\beta_{eff}$ and if larger by the addition or the removal of peripheral sub-assemblies. The calibration of the shim rod is performed by measuring a fission chamber response when dropping a control rod and solving the Nordheim equation. This gives a S curve where the position of a control rod is associated to a reactivity expressed in S. In this study, the uncertainties associated to this calibration are revisited, not only due to and $\beta _{eff}$ value ($\sim$2%) but also to decay time constants associated to each family ($\sim$6%), these being quite different from one nuclear data evaluation to another.
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Submitted on : Monday, February 24, 2020 - 4:20:40 PM
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  • HAL Id : cea-02338740, version 1




G. Rimpault, P. Dufay, P. Leconte, G. Truchet, I. Kodeli. Assessing the Uncertainty of Reactivity Worth Scale Measurements. NENE 2018 - International Conference on Nuclear Energy for New Europe, Sep 2018, Portoroz, Slovenia. ⟨cea-02338740⟩



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