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Activity Coefficients from Vapor-Liquid Interfaces: A Molecular Dynamics Approach for Separation Chemistry

M. Bley 1 M. Duvail 1 Philippe Guilbaud 2 Jean-François Dufrêche 1
1 LMCT - Modélisation Mésoscopique et Chimie Théorique
ICSM - UMR 5257 - Institut de Chimie Séparative de Marcoule
2 LILA - Laboratory of Interactions Ligand-Actinide
DMRC - Département de recherche sur les procédés pour la mine et le recyclage du combustible : DEN/DMRC
Abstract : For improving hydrometallurgical approaches such as solvent extraction, it is crucial to understand the physical chemistry behind separation chemistry. Solvent extraction of metal cations from an aqueous salt solution into an organic solvent phase with aggregate formation due to the presence of extractant molecules (e.g. DMDOHEMA) can be described by the mass action law and the corresponding equilibrium constant [1]. However, this equilibrium constant, which is important for process modeling, can only be calculated, if the activities of all involved compounds are known. In this work a new simulation method based on molecular dynamics is introduced, which allows the calculation of activities of concentrated solutions in good agreement with experimental findings. This method can be applied to any solvent, as long as the solvent is sufficiently volatile.
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Submitted on : Monday, December 9, 2019 - 9:49:53 AM
Last modification on : Monday, October 25, 2021 - 11:38:30 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, March 10, 2020 - 4:21:30 PM

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M. Bley, M. Duvail, Philippe Guilbaud, Jean-François Dufrêche. Activity Coefficients from Vapor-Liquid Interfaces: A Molecular Dynamics Approach for Separation Chemistry. Journees Scientifiques de Marcoule (JSM - 2018), Jun 2018, Bagnols Sur Ceze, France. ⟨cea-02338585⟩

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