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Electronic properties at the nanometer scale of iron anoxic corrosion product layers

Florence Mercier-Bion 1, 2 Jiaying Li 1, 2 Ludovic Tortech 3 Delphine Neff 1, 2 Philippe Dillmann 1, 2
1 LAPA - UMR 3685 - Laboratoire Archéomatériaux et Prévision de l'Altération
NIMBE UMR 3685 - Nanosciences et Innovation pour les Matériaux, la Biomédecine et l'Energie (ex SIS2M)
2 IRAMAT - LMC - IRAMAT - Laboratoire Métallurgies et Cultures
IRAMAT - Institut de Recherches sur les Archéomatériaux
3 LICSEN - Laboratoire Innovation en Chimie des Surfaces et NanoSciences
NIMBE UMR 3685 - Nanosciences et Innovation pour les Matériaux, la Biomédecine et l'Energie (ex SIS2M)
Abstract : In the double context of the in situ preservation of archaeological objects and nuclear waste disposal in deep geological media, the corrosion of iron metal buried in anoxic carbonated soils has to be studied. The iron corrosion rate is conditioned by the characteristics of the corrosion anodic and cathodic reactions. Therefore, for a better understanding of the corrosion mechanisms, the limiting steps both for the anodic and for the cathodic reactions need to be identified. As far as the corrosion mechanisms of iron are considered, the major part of publications concerns the anodic reaction study and there is a serious lack of data linked to the corrosion cathodic reaction. The limiting steps of this latter can be: transport inside the corrosion product layer (CPL) of the electrolyte, of the chemical species (such as H 2) or electrons issued from the iron anodic dissolution. Therefore we investigated the corrosion cathodic reaction for iron corroded in anoxic medium by studying iron nails corroded from the 16 th century in anoxic carbonated soils (archaeological site of Glinet Seine-Maritime, France). We intend to identify the limiting step and the location of the corrosion cathodic reaction by measuring local conductivity of the CPL. The description of the crystalline nature of the iron CPL, distribution, electronic properties and porosity at the different scales from global to the nanometer scale are important to have a complete knowledge of the corrosion mechanisms. Indeed the electrical properties of the CPL were probed by Conductive Atomic Force Microscopy (C-AFM) which provides measurements within the range of nanometers. In addition the corrosion product layers was characterized by μRaman spectroscopy for the determination of the crystalline nature of the corrosion products and by Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM) for the distribution phases from metal to the metal/soil interface. Different patterns representative of the anoxic CPL of the 400 years old iron archaeological nails were identified: CPL constituted of only ferrous carbonates such as siderite FeCO3 and chukanovite Fe2(OH)2CO3, CPL composed of mainly ferrous carbonates but with the minor presence of magnetite Fe3O4 under strips or under nodules inside the ferrous carbonates matrix, or showing locally iron sulfides borders.
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https://hal-cea.archives-ouvertes.fr/cea-02331815
Contributor : Serge Palacin <>
Submitted on : Thursday, October 24, 2019 - 2:59:07 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 2, 2020 - 10:56:02 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Saturday, January 25, 2020 - 4:27:39 PM

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  • HAL Id : cea-02331815, version 1

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Florence Mercier-Bion, Jiaying Li, Ludovic Tortech, Delphine Neff, Philippe Dillmann. Electronic properties at the nanometer scale of iron anoxic corrosion product layers. EuroCorr 2017, Sep 2017, Prague, Czech Republic. ⟨cea-02331815⟩

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