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Molecular structure of bacterial biofilms involved in iron biocorrosion

Abstract : To a better knowledge of iron biocorrosion mechanisms occurring in different applications (nuclear context, petroleum industry, cultural heritage,…), it is crucial to define which bacteria are active and their role. Despite a wide literature on the influence of bacteria on iron corrosion rates, most often considering a single metabolic group (Iron-Reducing Bacteria IRB, Sulfate-Reducing Bacteria SRB), the role of each species in a population involving various metabolisms possibly affecting corrosion remains unknown. At the same time, it is also essential to identify the corrosion products and to be able to link them to a possible bacterial activity. Our study is then devoted to the local diagnostic of the action of bacterial strains in iron corrosion. An innovative methodology for diagnosing the active bacterial strains in iron corrosion at the micrometric scale was developed by using vibrational techniques such as Attenuated Total Reflection Infra-Red ATR-IR and μRaman spectroscopies. The first step was the setup of a preparation protocol and its optimization for the characterization of bacteria by ATR-IR to obtain the vibrational fingerprint of bacterial strains performing metabolisms already identified in the nuclear context (IRB, SRB and sulfate-oxidizing bacteria SOB). The spectral fingerprint was also determined for iron coupons corroded in the presence of each strain. The question of the ability to discriminate the strains, whether planktonic or in biofilm, by their vibrational fingerprint was resolved. Indeed, the discrimination of the three bacterial strains was possible in the spectral region around 1000 cm-1. Furthermore, the strains evidenced spectra differences according to their growth mode: for strains in planktonic form, the most intense bands of the IR spectrum were those of amide I and II while for the ones in biofilm form, these were the bands of exopolysaccharides (compounds excreted by bacteria when they form biofilms) in the region around 1000 cm-1. These results allow discrimination by the ATR-IR spectrum of different bacterial strains in planktonic or in biofilm form. Since both the three strains but also their form (planktonic or biofilm) were distinguishable by their IR spectrum, experiments were conducted on iron coupons corroded with the bacterial consortium. The objective was to determine the active strains and to couple this information with the nature of the corrosion products. This diagnostic tool for bacterial signature determination can be transposed to a variety of corrosion problems providing significant benefits.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, October 23, 2019 - 8:57:29 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 21, 2020 - 1:58:40 AM
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  • HAL Id : cea-02327914, version 1


Florence Mercier-Bion, Catherine Berthomieu-Hiene, Virginie Chapon, Jean-Paul Gallien, Laurent Urios, et al.. Molecular structure of bacterial biofilms involved in iron biocorrosion. EuroCorr 2019, Sep 2019, Seville, Spain. ⟨cea-02327914⟩



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