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Ex-situ solid electrolyte interphase synthesis via radiolysis of Li-ion battery anode-electrolyte system for improved coulombic efficiency

Abstract : Lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) are very efficient energy storage devices. Recently we demonstrated that the highly reactive species generated by radiolysis of an electrolyte are the same as those generated during the cycling of LIBs using similar solvents.[1.3] Furthermore, radiolysis generated these species in measurable amounts at time scales significantly shorter than electrochemical cycling in a battery cell (minutes vs. days) and enabled proposing reaction mechanisms and measuring rate constants. [1-3] The electrolytes used in LIBs are however not stable at the working potential of Li-ion anode materials. Thus, during the first cycles of the battery, the electrolyte decomposes at the anode surface producing a solid-electrolyte interphase (SEI) which is vital to device performance and safety. We have also extended the radiolysis approach to study the chemical processes at the anode-electrolyte interface and investigate ex-situ generation of SEI. Indeed, the energy cost for the SEI production is very high. For instance, days and weeks are required at the energy plant in order to form a proper SElon the surface of the anode electrodes. We have demonstrated the radiolytic growth of an SEI with a chemical composition similar to that formed during electrochemical cycling, as determined by XPS. The quantity of the SEI increases with increasing irradiation dose. Degradation products formed in the liquid and gas phase are also identified as matching those formed during electrochemical cycling. TEM results support the XPS results of increasing SEI content with increasing irradiation dose. Electrochemical characterization by galvanostatic cycling of test cells indicates that the radiolysis generated SEI greatly improves first cycle efficiency of the materials assembled in half cells, and impedance spectroscopy supports the result with an increase in resistivity observed for irradiated samples. This first study opens the door to the use of irradiation tools for the artificial generation of an SEI and for producing LIB anode materials with improved performance.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, October 23, 2019 - 8:24:31 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 16, 2020 - 5:15:47 PM
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  • HAL Id : cea-02327868, version 1

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Fanny Varenne, D. Ortiz, J Alper, F. Miserque, A Boulineau, et al.. Ex-situ solid electrolyte interphase synthesis via radiolysis of Li-ion battery anode-electrolyte system for improved coulombic efficiency. 14th Tihany Symposium on Radiation Chemistry, May 2019, Siofok, Hungary. ⟨cea-02327868⟩

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