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Major improvement in the detection of microsatellite instability in colorectal cancer using HSP110 T17 E-ice-COLD-PCR

Abstract : Every colorectal cancer (CRC) patient should be tested for microsatellite instability (MSI) to screen for Lynch syndrome. Evaluation of MSI status involves screening tumor DNA for the presence of somatic deletions in DNA repeats using PCR followed by fragment analysis. While this method may lack sensitivity due to the presence of a high level of germline DNA, which frequently contaminates the core of primary colon tumors, no other method developed to date is capable of modifying the standard PCR protocol to achieve improvement of MSI detection. Here, we describe a new approach developed for the ultra-sensitive detection of MSI in CRC based on E-ice-COLDPCR, using HSP110 T17, a mononucleotide DNA repeat previously proposed as an optimal marker to detect MSI in tumor DNA, and an oligo(dT)(16) LNA blocker probe complementary to wild-type genotypes. The HT17 E-ice-COLD-PCR assay improved MSI detection by 20-200-fold compared with standard PCR using HT17 alone. It presents an analytical sensitivity of 0.1%-0.05% of mutant alleles in wild-type background, thus greatly improving MSI detection in CRC samples highly contaminated with normal DNA. HT17 E-ice-COLD-PCR is a rapid, cost-effective, easy-to-implement, and highly sensitive method, which could significantly improve the detection of MSI in routine clinical testing.
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https://hal-cea.archives-ouvertes.fr/cea-02291352
Contributor : Marianne Leriche <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, September 18, 2019 - 4:21:11 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, August 20, 2020 - 3:05:18 AM

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Alexandre How-Kit, Antoine Daunay, Olivier Buhard, Clément Meiller, Mourad Sahbatou, et al.. Major improvement in the detection of microsatellite instability in colorectal cancer using HSP110 T17 E-ice-COLD-PCR. Human Mutation, Wiley, 2018, 39 (3), pp.441-453. ⟨10.1002/humu.23379⟩. ⟨cea-02291352⟩

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