Optimization of discharges with ion cyclotron range of frequencies using local gas injection in EAST

Abstract : In view of improving Ion Cyclotron Range of Frequencies (ICRF) wave coupling in EAST (Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak) necessary to obtain high-power discharges, two series of experiments in L-mode were devoted to the use of local gas injection as a tool to increase density in front of the antennas. During the first session, the quantity of deuterium simultaneously puffed from five different poloidal positions on each side of one ICRF antenna was gradually increased. Steady gas puffing on this antenna (~8.10 20 e/s) increased antenna coupling resistance by 100%, but puffing more gas did not provoke any further improvement. Plasma central electron density was not kept constant when using local puff but kept increasing during the discharges. During the second session, the global density was well-controlled and remained constant, the distance between the separatrix and the first wall was increased by 2cm allowing, the gas to spread better, and puffing more gas this time lead to better wave coupling. The same amount of gas was then puffed from three different locations and changes in SOL (Scrape-Off Layer) parameters were measured from several locations. Extensive analysis of the edge diagnostics made it possible to observe an electron density increase and a temperature decrease caused by the ionization of neutrals in the SOL. Heat loads on the divertor targets were slightly mitigated by gas injection, which is favorable from the perspective of long pulse scenario development. Injection at mid-plane led to the best results with the highest coupling simultaneously achieved for both antennas and smallest heat loads on the divertor target (below 1MW/m²). As far as wave coupling efficiency is concerned, most experimental trends were also successfully reproduced by antenna modelling with the RAPLICASOL finite element code with experimental density profiles from reflectometry as the main input.
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Submitted on : Monday, August 12, 2019 - 12:46:24 PM
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Guillaume Urbanczyk, X.Z. Zhang, Y. Cheng, L. Colas, W. Helou, et al.. Optimization of discharges with ion cyclotron range of frequencies using local gas injection in EAST. Nuclear Fusion, IOP Publishing, 2019, 59 (6), pp.066023. ⟨10.1088/1741-4326/ab1610⟩. ⟨cea-02265777⟩

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