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In situ observation of the impact of surface oxidation on the crystallization mechanism of GeTe phase-change thin films by scanning transmission electron microscopy

Abstract : The crystallization mechanisms of prototypical GeTe phase-change material thin films have been investigated by in situ scanning transmission electron microscopy annealing experiments. A novel sample preparation method has been developed to improve sample quality and stability during in situ annealing, enabling quantitative analysis and live recording of phase change events. Results show that for an uncapped 100 nm thick GeTe layer, exposure to air after fabrication leads to composition changes which promote heterogeneous nucleation at the oxidized surface. We also demonstrate that protecting the GeTe layer with a 10 nm SiN capping layer prevents nucleation at the surface and allows volume nucleation at a temperature 50 degrees C higher than the onset of crystallization in the oxidized sample. Our results have important implications regarding the integration of these materials in confined memory cells.
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https://hal-cea.archives-ouvertes.fr/cea-02202454
Contributor : Marianne Leriche <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, July 31, 2019 - 4:35:36 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 7, 2020 - 1:26:02 PM

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R. Berthier, N. Bernier, D. Cooper, C. Sabbione, F. Hippert, et al.. In situ observation of the impact of surface oxidation on the crystallization mechanism of GeTe phase-change thin films by scanning transmission electron microscopy. Journal of Applied Physics, American Institute of Physics, 2017, 122 (11), pp.115304. ⟨10.1063/1.5002637⟩. ⟨cea-02202454⟩

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