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Biochemical and Spectroscopic Characterization of Highly Stable Photosystem II Supercomplexes from $Arabidopsis$

Abstract : Photosystem II (PSII) is a large membrane supercomplex involved in the first step of oxygenic photosynthesis. It is organized as a dimer, with each monomer consisting of more than 20 subunits as well as several cofactors, including chlorophyll and carotenoid pigments, lipids, and ions. The isolation of stable and homogeneous PSII supercomplexes from plants has been a hindrance for their deep structural and functional characterization. In recent years, purification of complexes with different antenna sizes was achieved with mild detergent solubilization of photo-synthetic membranes and fractionation on a sucrose gradient, but these preparations were only stable in the cold for a few hours. In this work, we present an improved protocol to obtain plant PSII supercomplexes that are stable for several hours/days at a wide range of temperatures and can be concentrated without degradation. Biochemical and spectroscopic properties of the purified PSII are presented, as well as a study of the complex solubility in the presence of salts. We also tested the impact of a large panel of detergents on PSII stability and found that very few are able to maintain the integrity of PSII. Such new PSII preparation opens the possibility of performing experiments that require room temperature conditions and/or high protein concentrations, and thus it will allow more detailed investigations into the structure and molecular mechanisms that underlie plant PSII function.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 19, 2019 - 5:24:40 PM
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Aurelie Crepin, Stefano Santabarbara, Stefano Caffarri. Biochemical and Spectroscopic Characterization of Highly Stable Photosystem II Supercomplexes from $Arabidopsis$. Journal of Biological Chemistry, American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2016, 291 (36), pp.19157-19171. ⟨10.1074/jbc.M116.738054⟩. ⟨cea-02160517⟩

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