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Metabolite diffusion up to very high b in the mouse brain in vivo: Revisiting the potential correlation between relaxation and diffusion properties

Clémence Ligneul 1 Marco Palombo 1 Julien Valette 1, *
* Corresponding author
1 LMN - Laboratoire des Maladies Neurodégénératives - UMR 9199
MIRCEN - Service MIRCEN : DRF/JACOB, CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique : UMR 9199
Abstract : Purpose: To assess the potential correlation between metabo-lites diffusion and relaxation in the mouse brain, which is of importance for interpreting and modeling metabolite diffusion based on pure geometry, irrespective of relaxation properties (multicompartmental relaxation or surface relaxivity). Methods: A new diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance spec-troscopy sequence is introduced, dubbed "STE-LASER," which presents several nice properties, in particular the absence of cross-terms with selection gradients and a very clean localiza-tion. Metabolite diffusion is then measured in a large voxel in the mouse brain at 11.7 Tesla using a cryoprobe, resulting in excellent signal-to-noise ratio, up to very high b-values under different echo time, mixing time, and diffusion time combinations. Results: Our results suggest that the correlation between relaxation and diffusion properties is extremely small or even nonexistent for metabolites in the mouse brain. Conclusion: The present work strongly supports the interpretation and modeling of metabolite diffusion primarily based on geometry, irrespective of relaxation properties, at least under current experimental conditions.
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Clémence Ligneul, Marco Palombo, Julien Valette. Metabolite diffusion up to very high b in the mouse brain in vivo: Revisiting the potential correlation between relaxation and diffusion properties. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, Wiley, 2017, 77 (4), pp.1390-1398. ⟨10.1002/mrm.26217⟩. ⟨cea-02155304⟩

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