Histone variant H2A.J accumulates in senescent cells and promotes inflammatory gene expression - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Nature Communications Year : 2017

Histone variant H2A.J accumulates in senescent cells and promotes inflammatory gene expression

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Bérénice Benayoun
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 927426
William M. Bonner
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 926711
Jean-François Deleuze
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1015006
Clotilde Wiel
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 773449
  • IdRef : 183953142
David Bernard
Robert Olaso

Abstract

The senescence of mammalian cells is characterized by a proliferative arrest in response to stress and the expression of an inflammatory phenotype. Here we show that histone H2A.J, a poorly studied H2A variant found only in mammals, accumulates in human fibroblasts in senescence with persistent DNA damage. H2A.J also accumulates in mice with aging in a tissue-specific manner and in human skin. Knock-down of H2A.J inhibits the expression of inflammatory genes that contribute to the senescent-associated secretory phenotype (SASP), and over expression of H2A.J increases the expression of some of these genes in proliferating cells. H2A.J accumulation may thus promote the signalling of senescent cells to the immune system, and it may contribute to chronic inflammation and the development of aging-associated diseases.
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Dates and versions

cea-02143246 , version 1 (29-05-2019)

Licence

Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Kévin Contrepois, Clément Coudereau, Bérénice Benayoun, Nadine Schüler, Oliver Bischof, et al.. Histone variant H2A.J accumulates in senescent cells and promotes inflammatory gene expression. Nature Communications, 2017, 8, pp.14995. ⟨10.1038/ncomms14995⟩. ⟨cea-02143246⟩
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