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$XRCC4$ in G1 suppresses homologous recombination in S/G2, in G1 checkpoint-defective cells

Abstract : Non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) and homologous recombination (HR) are two pathways that can compete or cooperate for DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair. NHEJ was previously shown to act throughout the cell cycle whereas HR is restricted to late S/G2. Paradoxically , we show here that defect in XRCC4 (NHEJ) leads to over-stimulation of HR when cells were irradiated in G1, not in G2. However, XRCC4 defect did not modify the strict cell cycle regulation for HR (i.e. in S/G2) as attested by (i) the formation of Rad51 foci in late S/G2 whatever the XRCC4 status, and (ii) the fact that neither Rad51 foci nor HR (gene conversion plus single-strand annealing) events induced by ionizing radiation were detected when cells were maintained blocked in G1. Finally, both $\gamma$-H2AX analysis and pulse field gel electrophoresis showed that following irradiation in G1, some DSBs reached S/G2 in NHEJ-defective cells. Taken together, our results show that when cells are defective in G1/S arrest, DSB produced in G1 and left unrepaired by XRCC4 can be processed by HR but in late S/G2.
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https://hal-cea.archives-ouvertes.fr/cea-01938179
Contributor : Yannick Saintigny <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, November 28, 2018 - 2:54:38 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, July 21, 2020 - 3:58:33 AM

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Y. Saintigny, F. Delacôte, D. Boucher, D. Averbeck, B. Lopez. $XRCC4$ in G1 suppresses homologous recombination in S/G2, in G1 checkpoint-defective cells. Oncogene, Nature Publishing Group, 2007, 26 (19), pp.2769 - 2780. ⟨10.1038/sj.onc.1210075⟩. ⟨cea-01938179⟩

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