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The earliest modern humans outside Africa

Israel Hershkovitz 1 Gerhard Weber 2 Rolf Quam 3 Mathieu Duval 4 Rainer Grün 4 Leslie Kinsley 5 Avner Ayalon 6 Miryam Bar-Matthews 6 Helene Valladas 7, 8 Norbert Mercier 9 Juan Luis Arsuaga 10 María Martinón-Torres 11, 12 José María Bermúdez de Castro 11, 12 Cinzia Fornai 2 Laura Martín-Francés 11 Rachel Sarig 1 Hila May 1 Viktoria Krenn 13 Viviane Slon 1 Laura Rodríguez 14 Rebeca Garcia 14 Carlos Lorenzo 15 Jose Miguel Carretero 14 Amos Frumkin 16 Ruth Shahack-Gross 17 Daniella Bar-Yosef Mayer 18 Yaming Cui 19 Xinzhi Wu 19 Natan Peled 20 Iris Groman-Yaroslavski 21 Lior Weissbrod 21 Reuven R. Yeshurun 21 Alexander Tsatskin 21 Yossi Zaidner 21 Mina Weinstein-Evron 21 
Abstract : To date, the earliest modern human fossils found outside of Africa are dated to around 90,000 to 120,000 years ago at the Levantine sites of Skhul and Qafzeh. A maxilla and associated dentition recently discovered at Misliya Cave, Israel, was dated to 177,000 to 194,000 years ago, suggesting that members of the Homo sapiens clade left Africa earlier than previously thought. This finding changes our view on modern human dispersal and is consistent with recent genetic studies, which have posited the possibility of an earlier dispersal of Homo sapiens around 220,000 years ago. The Misliya maxilla is associated with full-fledged Levallois technology in the Levant, suggesting that the emergence of this technology is linked to the appearance of $Homo\ sapiens$ in the region, as has been documented in Africa.
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Submitted on : Thursday, July 1, 2021 - 3:47:19 PM
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Israel Hershkovitz, Gerhard Weber, Rolf Quam, Mathieu Duval, Rainer Grün, et al.. The earliest modern humans outside Africa. Science, American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 2018, 359 (6374), pp.456 - 459. ⟨10.1126/science.aap8369⟩. ⟨cea-01886188⟩



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