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FP7 BIOMARGIN shows that small sets of intra-graft microRNAs are strongly associated with renal allograft lesions

Abstract : Background: FP7 Biomargin aimed at detecting and validating biomarkers of kidney graft lesions. In this study, we investigated the diagnostic potential of messenger RNAs (mRNAs) in urine samples. Methods/Materials: Urine samples were collected at the time of protocol or for-cause biopsies in 4 European clinical centers. Patients were retrospectively selected after centralized histological reading of their biopsy by expert pathologists, and classified into 4 groups (normal, ABMR, TCMR or IF/TA). Absolute quantification of mRNAs was performed on urine cell pellets by qPCR. A statistical pipeline including 2 uni- and 5 multivariate analyses was applied to identify which biomarker candidates were associated with one of the 4 groups. Multivariate models were built to define parsimonious subsets of mRNAs that collectively were highly associated with graft lesions. Results: A total of 24 mRNAs was quantified on 238 urine cell pellets from the case-control study, which included 73 Normal, 34 TCMR, 71 IF/TA and 60 ABMR samples. A set of 4 mRNAs differentiates patients with a biopsy showing acute rejection (AMBR or TCMR) from a normal biopsy (mean AUC = 0.73). Another set of 3 mRNAs discriminates the patients with a biopsy showing acute rejection from IFTA (mean AUC = 0.72). Finally, among the rejection group, a 4 gene signature enables to distinguish ABMR from TCMR (mean AUC = 0.77). Conclusion: We identified small subsets of urine mRNAs, which enable a multistep approach to discriminate patients into 4 clinically relevant situations. These non-invasive molecular signatures could advise clinicians on the indication of performing a biopsy. The diagnostic performance of our mRNA signatures is currently been investigated in a trans-sectional set of urine samples, obtained at the time of 458 consecutive biopsies. Their predictive performance will then be assessed in a prospective Cohort Study.
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https://hal-cea.archives-ouvertes.fr/cea-01883558
Contributor : Marie-France Robbe <>
Submitted on : Friday, September 28, 2018 - 12:14:53 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, June 3, 2020 - 3:48:11 AM

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C. Tinel, A. Benon, Lise Morin, Stéphane Gazut, Maarten Naesens, et al.. FP7 BIOMARGIN shows that small sets of intra-graft microRNAs are strongly associated with renal allograft lesions. 17th Annual Congress of the French Speaking Society of Transplantation, Société francophone de transplantation, Dec 2017, Poitiers - La Rochelle, France. p5 - O3, ⟨10.1111/tri.13101⟩. ⟨cea-01883558⟩

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