Surface Proximity Effect, Imprint Memory of Ferroelectric Twins, and Tweed in the Paraelectric Phase of BaTiO$_3$ - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Scientific Reports Year : 2018

Surface Proximity Effect, Imprint Memory of Ferroelectric Twins, and Tweed in the Paraelectric Phase of BaTiO$_3$

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Abstract

We have used energy-filtered photoemission electron microscopy (PEEM) at the photoemission threshold to carry out a microscopic scale characterization of the surface charge and domain structure of the (001) surface in BaTiO$_3$. Signatures of ferroelectric and ferroelastic domains, and tweed, dominate the surface structure of BaTiO$_3$ at room temperature. The surface ferroic signatures are maintained on heating to temperature (~550 K), well above the transition temperature (393 K). This surface proximity effect provides the mechanism for memory of the bulk ferroelectric domain arrangement up to 150 K above T$_C$ and thus can be considered as a robust fingerprint of the ferroelectric state near the surface. Self-reversal of polarization is observed for the tweed below T$_C$ and for the surface domains above T$_C$. Annealing at higher temperature triggers the dynamic tweed which in turn allows a full reorganization of the ferroic domain configuration.
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Dates and versions

cea-01882084 , version 1 (26-09-2018)

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C. Mathieu, C. Lubin, G. Le Doueff, M. Cattelan, P. Gemeiner, et al.. Surface Proximity Effect, Imprint Memory of Ferroelectric Twins, and Tweed in the Paraelectric Phase of BaTiO$_3$. Scientific Reports, 2018, 8, pp.13660. ⟨10.1038/s41598-018-31930-4⟩. ⟨cea-01882084⟩
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