W. P. Irwin and I. Barnes, Tectonic relations of carbon dioxide discharges and earthquakes, J. Geophys. Res, vol.85, pp.3115-3121, 1980.

S. A. Miller, Chapter 1 -The role of fluids in tectonic and earthquake processes, Adv. Geophys, vol.54, pp.1-46, 2013.

J. Noir, Fluid flow triggered migration of events in the 1989 Dobi earthquake sequence of Central Afar, Geophys. Res. Lett, vol.24, pp.2335-2338, 1997.

S. A. Miller, Aftershocks driven by a high-pressure CO 2 source at depth, Nature, vol.427, pp.724-727, 2004.

T. Terakawa, A. Zoporowski, B. Galvan, and S. A. Miller, High-pressure fluid at hypocentral depths in the L'Aquila region inferred from earthquake focal mechanisms, Geology, vol.38, pp.995-998, 2010.

F. Waldhauser, D. P. Schaff, T. Diehl, and E. R. Engdahl, Sumatra-Andaman earthquake, Splay faults imaged by fluid-driven aftershocks of the 2004 M w 9, vol.40, pp.243-246, 2012.

Z. Wang, W. Huang, D. Zhao, and S. Pei, Mapping the Tohoku forearc: Implications for the mechanism of the, pp.147-154, 2011.

R. H. Sibson, An episode of fault-valve behaviour during compressional inversion? -The 2004 M J 6.8 Mid-Niigata Prefecture, Japan, earthquake sequence, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett, vol.257, pp.188-199, 2007.

F. Cappa, J. Rutqvist, and K. Yamamoto, Modeling crustal deformation and rupture processes related to upwelling of deep CO 2 -rich fluids during the 1965-1967 Matsushiro earthquake swarm in Japan, J. Geophys. Res, vol.114, p.10304, 2009.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00424425

C. Wang and M. Manga, Earthquakes and water, Lect. Notes Earth Sci, vol.114, p.235, 2010.

R. Muir-wood and G. C. King, Hydrological signatures of earthquake strain, J. Geophys. Res, vol.98, pp.22035-22068, 1993.

T. Sato, R. Sakai, K. Furuya, and T. Kodama, Coseismic spring flow changes associated with the 1995 Kobe earthquake, Geophys. Res. Lett, vol.27, pp.1219-1222, 2000.

C. Wang and M. Manga, New streams and springs after the 2014 M w 6.0 South Napa earthquake, Nat. Commun, vol.6, p.7597, 2015.

E. A. Roeloffs, Persistent water level changes in a well near Parkfield, California, due to local and distant earthquakes, J. Geophys. Res, vol.103, pp.869-889, 1998.

E. E. Brodsky, E. Roeloffs, D. Woodcock, I. Gall, and M. Manga, A mechanism for sustained groundwater pressure changes induced by distant earthquakes, J. Geophys. Res, vol.108, p.2390, 2003.

K. Mogi, H. Mochizuki, and Y. Kurokawa, Temperature changes in an artesian spring at Usami in the Izu Peninsula (Japan) and their relation to earthquakes, Tectonophysics, vol.159, pp.95-108, 1989.

Z. Ma, Earthquake Prediction: Nine Major Earthquakes in China, 1966.

C. Wang, M. Manga, C. Wang, and C. Chen, Transient change in groundwater temperature after earthquakes, Geology, vol.40, pp.119-122, 2012.

S. C. Cox, Changes in hot spring temperature and hydrogeology of the Alpine Fault hanging wall, New Zealand, induced by distal South Island earthquakes, Geofluids, vol.15, pp.216-239, 2015.

C. E. Manning and S. E. Ingebritsen, Permeability of the continental crust: Implications of geothermal data and metamorphic systems, Rev. Geophys, vol.37, pp.127-150, 1999.

M. Manga, Changes in permeability caused by transient stresses: Field observations, experiments, and mechanisms, Rev. Geophys, vol.50, p.2004, 2012.

S. E. Ingebritsen, Hydrothermal response to a volcano-tectonic earthquake swarm, Geophys. Res. Lett, vol.42, pp.9223-9230, 2015.

T. Fischer, C. Matyska, and J. Heinicke, Earthquake-enhanced permeabilityevidence from carbon dioxide release following the M L 3.5 earthquake in West Bohemia, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett, vol.460, pp.60-67, 2017.

J. Avouac, Mountain building, erosion, and the seismic cycle in the Nepal Himalaya, Adv. Geophys, vol.46, pp.1-80, 2003.

T. Ader, Convergence rate across the Nepal Himalaya and interseismic coupling on the Main Himalayan Thrust: Implications for seismic hazard, J. Geophys. Res, vol.117, p.4403, 2012.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02057781

S. N. Sapkota, Primary surface ruptures of the great Himalayan earthquakes in 1934 and 1255, Nat. Geosci, vol.6, pp.71-76, 2013.

M. R. Pandey, R. P. Tandukar, J. Avouac, J. Lavfi, and J. P. Massot, Interseismic strain accumulation on the Himalayan crustal ramp (Nepal)

, Geophys. Res. Lett, vol.22, pp.751-754, 1995.

L. Bollinger, J. Avouac, R. Cattin, and M. R. Pandey, Stress buildup in the Himalaya, J. Geophys. Res, vol.109, p.11405, 2004.

B. N. Upreti, An overview of the stratigraphy and tectonics of the Nepal Himalaya, J. Asian Earth Sci, vol.17, pp.577-606, 1999.

F. Girault, Large-scale organization of carbon dioxide discharge in the Nepal Himalayas, Geophys. Res. Lett, vol.41, pp.6358-6366, 2014.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01201563

J. A. Becker, M. J. Bickle, A. Galy, and T. J. Holland, Himalayan metamorphic CO 2 fluxes: Quantitative constraints from hydrothermal springs, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett, vol.265, pp.616-629, 2008.

M. J. Evans, L. A. Derry, and C. France-lanord, Degassing of metamorphic carbon dioxide from the Nepal Himalaya, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst, vol.9, p.4021, 2008.

F. Perrier, A direct evidence for high carbon dioxide and radon-222 discharge in Central Nepal, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett, vol.278, pp.198-207, 2009.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-00447624

F. Girault, The Syabru-Bensi hydrothermal system in central Nepal: 1. Characterization of carbon dioxide and radon fluxes, J. Geophys. Res. Solid Earth, vol.119, pp.4017-4055, 2014.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-01295841

P. Richon, Temporal signatures of advective versus diffusive radon transport at a geothermal zone in Central Nepal, J. Environ. Radioact, vol.102, pp.88-102, 2011.

F. Girault, B. P. Koirala, F. Perrier, P. Richon, and S. Rajaure, Persistence of radon-222 flux during monsoon at a geothermal zone in Nepal, J. Environ. Radioact, vol.100, pp.955-964, 2009.

F. Girault and F. Perrier, The Syabru-Bensi hydrothermal system in central Nepal: 2. Modeling and significance of the radon signature, J. Geophys. Res. Solid Earth, vol.119, pp.4056-4089, 2014.

J. Avouac, L. Meng, S. Wei, T. Wang, and J. Ampuero, Lower edge of locked Main Himalayan Thrust unzipped by the 2015 Gorkha earthquake, Nat. Geosci, vol.8, pp.708-711, 2015.

S. N. Sapkota, L. Bollinger, and F. Perrier, Fatality rates of the M w~8 .2, 1934, Bihar-Nepal earthquake and comparison with the April 2015 Gorkha earthquake, Earth Planets Space, vol.68, p.40, 2016.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-01298809

S. S. Martin, S. E. Hough, and C. Hung, Ground motions from the 2015 M w 7.8 Gorkha, Nepal, earthquake constrained by a detailed assessment of macroseismic data, Seismol. Res. Lett, vol.86, pp.1524-1532, 2015.

R. Grandin, Rupture process of the M w = 7.9 2015 Gorkha earthquake (Nepal): Insights into Himalayan megathrust segmentation, Geophys. Res. Lett, vol.42, pp.8373-8382, 2016.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02157989

V. L. Stevens and J. Avouac, Millenary M w > 9.0 earthquakes required by geodetic strain in the Himalaya, Geophys. Res. Lett, vol.43, pp.1118-1123, 2016.

L. B. Adhikari, The aftershock sequence of the April 25 th 2015 GorkhaNepal earthquake, Geophys. J. Int, vol.203, pp.2119-2124, 2015.

J. Galetzka, Slip pulse and resonance of Kathmandu basin during the 2015 M w 7.8 Gorkha earthquake, vol.349, pp.1091-1095, 2015.

A. Gualandi, Pre-and post-seismic deformation related to the 2015, M w 7.8 Gorkha earthquake, Nepal. Tectonophysics 714-715, pp.90-106, 2017.

G. Zheng, S. Xu, S. Liang, P. Shi, and J. Zhao, Gas emission from the Qingzhu River after the 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake, Southwest China, Chem. Geol, vol.339, pp.187-193, 2013.

C. Groppo, F. Rolfo, D. Castelli, and P. Mosca, Metamorphic CO 2 production in collisional orogens: Petrological constraints from phase diagram modeling of Himalayan, scapolite-bearing, calc-silicate rocks in the NKC(F)MAS(T)-HC system, J. Petrol, vol.58, pp.53-83, 2017.

G. Rapa, Titanite-bearing calc-silicate rocks constrain timing, duration and magnitude of metamorphic CO 2 degassing in the Himalayan belt, Lithos, vol.292, pp.364-378, 2017.

C. H. Scholz, L. R. Sykes, and Y. P. Aggarwal, Earthquake prediction -Physical basis, Science, vol.181, pp.803-810, 1973.

G. Chiodini, R. Cioni, M. Guidi, B. Raco, and L. Marini, Soil CO 2 flux measurements in volcanic and geothermal areas, Appl. Geochem, vol.13, pp.543-552, 1998.

F. Girault, B. P. Koirala, M. Bhattarai, and F. Perrier, Radon and carbon dioxide around remote Himalayan thermal springs, Geol. Soc. Lond. S. P, vol.451, pp.155-181, 2016.

J. A. Becker, Quantification of Himalayan Metamorphic CO 2 Fluxes: Impact on Global Carbon Budgets, 2005.

N. Assayag, K. Rivé, M. Ader, D. Jézéquel, and P. Agrinier, Improved method for isotopic and quantitative analysis of dissolved inorganic carbon in natural water samples, Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom, vol.20, pp.2243-2251, 2006.

F. Girault, F. Perrier, and T. A. Przylibski, Radon-222 and radium-226 occurrence in water: A review, Geol. Soc. Lond. Spec. Publ, vol.451, pp.131-154, 2016.

F. Perrier, J. Aupiais, F. Girault, T. A. Przylibski, and H. Bouquerel, Optimized measurement of radium-226 concentration in liquid samples with radon-222 emanation, J. Environ. Radioact, vol.157, pp.52-59, 2016.

C. Wang and M. Manga, Hydrologic responses to earthquakes and a general metric, Geofluids, vol.10, pp.206-216, 2010.

J. E. Elkhoury, E. E. Brodsky, and D. C. Agnew, Seismic waves increase permeability, Nature, vol.441, pp.1135-1138, 2006.

S. Akkar and J. J. Bommer, Empirical equations for the prediction of PGA, PGV, and spectral accelerations in Europe, the Mediterranean Region, and the Middle East, Seismol. Res. Lett, vol.81, pp.195-206, 2010.

R. B. Mosley, M. Y. Menetrez, R. Snoddy, and S. A. Brubaker, The influences of diffusion and advective flow on the distribution of radon activity within USEPA's soil chamber, Environ. Int, vol.22, pp.521-533, 1996.

G. Vasseur, G. Michard, and C. Fouillac, Contraintes sur la structure profonde et le fonctionnement du système hydrothermal

. Bull and . Hydrogéol, , vol.4, pp.3-17, 1997.

L. A. Derry, M. J. Evans, R. Darling, and C. France-lanord, Hydrothermal heat flow near the Main Central Thrust, central Nepal Himalaya, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett, vol.286, pp.101-109, 2009.

S. Byrdina, Dipolar self-potential anomaly associated with carbon dioxide and radon flux at Syabru-Bensi hot springs in central Nepal, J. Geophys. Res, vol.114, p.10101, 2009.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-01295538

L. Fort and P. , Himalayas: Collided range, present knowledge of continental arc, Am. J. Sci, vol.275, pp.1-44, 1975.

M. Kotarba, Hydrogeological investigations in Seti Khola and Trisuli thermal springs areas, Geologia, vol.12, pp.37-51, 1986.