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Ancient genomes document multiple waves of migration in Southeast Asian prehistory

Mark Lipson 1 Olivia Cheronet 2, 3 Swapan Mallick 1 Nadin Rohland 1 Marc Oxenham 4 Michael Pietrusewsky 5 Thomas Oliver Pryce 6, 7 Anna Willis Hirofumi Matsumura 8 Hallie Buckley 9 Kate Domett 10 Giang Hai Nguyen 11 Hoang Hiep Trinh 11 Aung Aung Kyaw 12 Tin Tin Win 13 Baptiste Pradier 7 Nasreen Broomandkhoshbacht 14, 1 Francesca Candilio 15 Piya Changmai 16 Daniel Fernandes 3 Matthew Ferry 14, 1 Beatriz Gamarra 17 Eadaoin Harney 14, 1 Jatupol Kampuansai 18 Wibhu Kutanan 19 Megan Michel 14, 1 Mario Novak 3 Jonas Oppenheimer 14, 1 Kendra Sirak 17 Kristin Stewardson 17 Zhao Zhang 20 Pavel Flegontov 21 Ron Pinhasi 22 David Reich 23
Abstract : Southeast Asia is home to rich human genetic and linguistic diversity, but the details of past population movements in the region are not well known. Here, we report genome-wide ancient DNA data from eighteen Southeast Asian individuals spanning from the Neolithic period through the Iron Age (4100–1700 years ago). Early farmers from Man Bac in Vietnam exhibit a mixture of East Asian (southern Chinese agriculturalist) and deeply diverged eastern Eurasian (hunter-gatherer) ancestry characteristic of Austroasiatic speakers, with similar ancestry as far south as Indonesia providing evidence for an expansive initial spread of Austroasiatic languages. By the Bronze Age, in a parallel pattern to Europe, sites in Vietnam and Myanmar show close connections to present-day majority groups, reflecting substantial additional influxes of migrants
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Mark Lipson, Olivia Cheronet, Swapan Mallick, Nadin Rohland, Marc Oxenham, et al.. Ancient genomes document multiple waves of migration in Southeast Asian prehistory. Science, American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2018, 361 (6397), pp.92 - 95. ⟨10.1126/science.aat3188⟩. ⟨cea-01870144⟩

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