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Journal Articles The European Physical Journal Plus Year : 2018

Doppler broadening of neutron-induced resonances using ab initio phonon spectrum

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Abstract

Neutron resonances observed in neutron cross section data can only be compared with their theoretical analogues after a correct broadening of the resonance widths. This broadening is usually carried out by two different theoretical models, namely the Free Gas Model and the Crystal Lattice Model, which, however, are only applicable under certain assumptions. Here, we use neutron transmission experiments on UO2 samples at T=23.7 K and T=293.7 K, to investigate the limitations of these models when an ab initio phonon spectrum is introduced in the calculations. Comparisons of the experimental and theoretical transmissions highlight the underestimation of the energy transferred at low temperature and its impact on the accurate determination of the radiation widths Γ$_{γλ}$ of the $^{238}$U resonances λ . The observed deficiency of the model represents an experimental evidence that the Debye-Waller factor is not correctly calculated at low temperature near the Neel temperature (T$_{N}$ =30.8 K).
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Dates and versions

cea-01865399 , version 1 (31-08-2018)

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G. Noguere, P. Maldonado, C. de Saint-Jean. Doppler broadening of neutron-induced resonances using ab initio phonon spectrum. The European Physical Journal Plus, 2018, 133 (5), ⟨10.1140/epjp/i2018-12009-y⟩. ⟨cea-01865399⟩
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