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Simulation of Ultrasonic Inspection of Curved Composites Using a Hybrid Semi-Analytical/Numerical Code

Abstract : Carbon Fiber reinforced composites are increasingly used in structural parts in the aeronautics industry, as they allow to reduce the weight of aircrafts while maintaining high mechanical performances. However, such structures can be complicated to inspect due to their complex geometries and complex composite properties, leading to highly heterogeneous and anisotropic materials. Different potential damages and manufacturing flaws related to these parts are to be detected: porosities, ply waviness, delaminations after impact. Ultrasonic inspection, which is commonly used to test the full volume of composite panels, thus has to cope with both complex wave propagation ( within anisotropic parts whose crystallographic orientation varies according to the layers structure) and flaw interaction (local distortion of plies such as ply waviness, small pores, structural noise due to periodicity patterns...). Developing NDT procedures for those parts therefore requires simulation tools to help for understanding those phenomena, and to optimize probes and techniques. Within the CIVA multi-techniques platform, CEA-LIST has developed semi-analytical tools for ultrasonic techniques, which have the advantages of high computational efficiency (fast calculations), but with limited range of application due to some hypothesis (for instance, homogenization approaches which don't allow to take account of structural noise). On the other hand, numerical methods such as finite element (HEM) or finite difference in time domain (FDTD) are more suitable to compute ultrasonic wave propagation and defect scattering in complex materials such as composite but require more computational efforts. Hybrid methods couple semi-analytical solutions and numerical computations in limited spatial domains to handle complex cases with high computation performances. In CIVA we have integrated a hybrid model that combines the semi-analytical methods developed at CEA to FDTD codes developed at Airbus Group Innovations for composite applications. In this paper we give some examples of the hybrid method for the inspection of complex composite parts. Examples are related to curved composite parts with varying anisotropy (layers follow the curvature of the component), and effects of the inter-ply epoxy layer to structural noise.
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https://hal-cea.archives-ouvertes.fr/cea-01852426
Contributor : Léna Le Roy <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, August 1, 2018 - 3:36:48 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 3:49:38 AM

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Frederic Reverdy, Steve Mahaut, Nicolas Dominguez, Philippe Dubois. Simulation of Ultrasonic Inspection of Curved Composites Using a Hybrid Semi-Analytical/Numerical Code. 41st annual review of progress in quantitative nondestructive evaluation, vol 34, Jul 2014, Boise, United States. pp.1047-1055, ⟨10.1063/1.4914713⟩. ⟨cea-01852426⟩

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