Large and Uniform Optical Emission Shifts in Quantum Dots Strained along Their Growth Axis

Petr Stepanov 1 Marta Elzo-Aizarna 2 Joel Bleuse 1 Nitin S. Malik 1 Yoann Cure 1 Eric Gautier 3 Vincent Favre-Nicolin 2 Jean-Michel Gerard 1 Julien Claudon 1
1 NPSC - Nanophysique et Semiconducteurs
PHELIQS - PHotonique, ELectronique et Ingénierie QuantiqueS : DRF/IRIG/PHELIQS
2 NRS - Nanostructures et Rayonnement Synchrotron
MEM - Modélisation et Exploration des Matériaux : DRF/IRIG/MEM
Abstract : We introduce a calibration method to quantify the impact of external mechanical stress on the emission wavelength of distinct quantum dots (QDs). Specifically, these emitters are integrated in a cross-section of a semiconductor core wire and experience a longitudinal strain that is induced by an amorphous capping shell. Detailed numerical simulations show that, thanks to the shell mechanical isotropy, the strain in the core is uniform, which enables a direct comparison of the QD responses. Moreover, the core strain is determined in situ by an optical measurement, yielding reliable values for the QD emission tuning slope. This calibration technique is applied to self-assembled InAs QDs submitted to incremental elongation along their growth axis. In contrast to recent studies conducted on similar QDs submitted to a uniaxial stress perpendicular to the growth direction, optical spectroscopy reveals up to ten times larger tuning slopes, with a moderate dispersion. These results highlight the importance of the stress direction to optimize the QD optical shift, with general implications, both in static and dynamic regimes. As such, they are in particular relevant for the development of wavelength-tunable single-photon sources or hybrid QD opto-mechanical systems.
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Journal articles
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 31, 2018 - 12:06:09 PM
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Petr Stepanov, Marta Elzo-Aizarna, Joel Bleuse, Nitin S. Malik, Yoann Cure, et al.. Large and Uniform Optical Emission Shifts in Quantum Dots Strained along Their Growth Axis. Nano Letters, American Chemical Society, 2016, 16 (5), pp.3215-3220. ⟨10.1021/acs.nanolett.6b00678⟩. ⟨cea-01851945⟩

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