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Determination of the Optimal Shell Thickness for Self-Catalyzed GaAs/AlGaAs Core-Shell Nanowires on Silicon

Rudeesun Songmuang 1 Giang Le Thuy Thanh 1 Joel Bleuse 2 Martien I. den Hertog 3 Yann-Michel Niquet 4 Le Si Dang 1 Henri Mariette 1 
2 NPSC - Nanophysique et Semiconducteurs
PHELIQS - PHotonique, ELectronique et Ingénierie QuantiqueS : DRF/IRIG/PHELIQS
4 LSIM - Laboratory of Atomistic Simulation
MEM - Modélisation et Exploration des Matériaux : DRF/IRIG/MEM
Abstract : We present a set of experimental results showing a combination of various effects, that is, surface recombination velocity, surface charge traps, strain, and structural defects, that govern the carrier dynamics of self-catalyzed GaAs/AlGaAs core-shell nano wires (NWs) grown on a Si(111) substrate by molecular beam epitaxy. Time-resolved photoluminescence of NW ensemble and spatially resolved cathodoluminescence of single NWs reveal that emission intensity, decay time, and carrier diffusion length of the GaAs NW core strongly depend on the AlGaAs shell thickness but in a nonmonotonic fashion. Although 7 nm AlGaAs shell can efficiently suppress the surface recombination velocity of the GaAs NW core, the influence of the surface charge traps and the strain between the core and the shell that redshift the luminescence of the GaAs NW core remain observable in the whole range of the shell thickness. In addition, the band bending effect induced by the surface charge traps can alter the scattering of the excess carriers inside the GaAs NW core at the core/shell interface. If the AlGaAs shell thickness is larger than SO nm, the luminescence efficiency of the GaAs NW cores deteriorates, ascribed to defect formation inside the AIGaAs shell evidenced by transmission electron microscopy.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 31, 2018 - 12:06:02 PM
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Rudeesun Songmuang, Giang Le Thuy Thanh, Joel Bleuse, Martien I. den Hertog, Yann-Michel Niquet, et al.. Determination of the Optimal Shell Thickness for Self-Catalyzed GaAs/AlGaAs Core-Shell Nanowires on Silicon. Nano Letters, American Chemical Society, 2016, 16 (6), pp.3426-3433. ⟨10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b03917⟩. ⟨cea-01851941⟩



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