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A heterodimer formed by bone morphogenetic protein 9 (BMP9) and BMP10 provides most BMP biological activity in plasma

Abstract : Bone morphogenetic protein 9 (BMP9) and BMP10 are the two high-affinity ligands for the endothelial receptor activin receptor-like kinase 1 (ALK1) and are key regulators of vascular remodeling. They are both present in the blood, but their respective biological activities are still a matter of debate. The aim of the present work was to characterize their circulating forms to better understand how their activities are regulated in vivo. First, by cotransfecting BMP9 and BMP10, we found that both can form a disulfide-bonded heterodimer in vitro and that this heterodimer is functional on endothelial cells via ALK1. Next, we developed an ELISA that could specifically recognize the BMP9–BMP10 heterodimer and which indicated its presence in both human and mouse plasma. In addition to using available Bmp9-KO mice, we generated a conditional Bmp10-KO mouse strain. The plasma from Bmp10-KO mice, similarly to that of Bmp9-KO mice, completely lacked the ability to activate ALK1-transfected 3T3 cells or phospho-Smad1–5 on endothelial cells, indicating that the circulating BMP activity is mostly due to the BMP9–BMP10 heterodimeric form. This result was confirmed in human plasma that had undergone affinity chromatography to remove BMP9 homodimer. Finally, we provide evidence that hepatic stellate cells in the liver could be the source of the BMP9–BMP10 heterodimer. Together, our findings demonstrate that BMP9 and BMP10 can heterodimerize and that this heterodimer is responsible for most of the biological BMP activity found in plasma.
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 27, 2021 - 1:25:09 PM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 11:01:21 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Saturday, August 28, 2021 - 7:03:23 PM


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Emmanuelle Tillet, Marie Ouarné, Agnès Desroches-Castan, Christine Mallet, Mariela Subileau, et al.. A heterodimer formed by bone morphogenetic protein 9 (BMP9) and BMP10 provides most BMP biological activity in plasma. Journal of Biological Chemistry, American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2018, 293, pp.10963 - 10974. ⟨10.1074/jbc.RA118.002968⟩. ⟨cea-01843199⟩



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