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Journal Articles Journal of Materials Chemistry C Year : 2018

Ligand-free synthesis of gold nanoparticles included within cylindrical blocl copolymer films

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Abstract

We report a method to include non-functionalized gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) in oriented cylindrical phases of poly(styrene)-b-poly(vinylpyridine) (PS-b-PVP) block copolymers, perpendicular or parallel to a substrate. The combination of AFM, TEM, GISAXS and spectroscopy allows a complete characterization of the nanocomposite. AuNPs are produced by the ultra-sound reduction of a gold salt in the copolymer solution, prior to the deposition of the film by spin-coating. The AuNPs are found to be located within the PVP cylinders exclusively. Sizes from 2 to 4 nm are tuned as a function of the initial gold salt concentration. A seeded-growth of these pre-formed AuNPs was also achieved by a further ultra-sound treatment to produce larger AuNPs (up to d=10 nm) with plasmon resonance properties. For parallel cylinders, the presence of AuNPs in the PVP domains disturbs the organization, while, for perpendicular cylinders, the PVP domains are swollen without any change in their orientation. The synthesis of AuNPs inside the copolymer was also performed by radiolysis, through the irradiation of the copolymer solution or the copolymer film, both containing the gold salt. In these cases, the presence of plasmonic AuNPs was also evidenced. Offering a control of the AuNPs size (< 2 nm to 10 nm) and location, the presented method is a unique way of inserting plasmonic AuNPs into oriented cylinders for reaching anisotropic geometries of valuable interest for optics
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Dates and versions

cea-01839711 , version 1 (16-07-2018)

Identifiers

Cite

Florian Aubrit, Testard Fabienne, Aurélie Paquirissamy, Frédéric Gobeaux, Xuan Wang, et al.. Ligand-free synthesis of gold nanoparticles included within cylindrical blocl copolymer films. Journal of Materials Chemistry C, In press, 6 (30), pp.8194-8204. ⟨10.1039/C8TC01477A⟩. ⟨cea-01839711⟩
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