Study of the behavior of vapor fraction in a turbopump inducer using an X-ray measurement technique

Abstract : This work intended to study the behavior of the instantaneous vapor fraction in the turbopump inducer of a liquid propellant rocket engine. Experimentations held on an experimental pump test facility and cavitation was attained by reducing the inlet pressure in the machine while maintaining constant the inducer rotational speed. Measurements of vapor fraction through the rotating inducer were achieved by means of an X-ray-based system. The system exerted an industrial X-ray generator and 10 collimated scintillation detectors. Detectors were functioning in current mode thus permitting an acquisition at 5 kHz for each detector. A reference X-ray detector situated between the X-ray generator and the machine permitted the treatment of X-ray beam energy fluctuations related to industrial generators. Acquisitions were performed in three axial positions on the inducer. For each measurement position, three cavitation sequences with different flow rate conditions (Q/Qn = 0.9, 1, 1.1, where Qn is the nominal flow rate) were accomplished. Each cycle is performed by decreasing gradually the pressure while maintaining an imposed rotational speed of 4,000 rpm. Each test is constituted of 10 pressure points varying from 2.40 to 0.48 bars representing a complete cavitation sequence. X-ray acquisition was performed for each pressure point, and it was carried out for 10 s thus corresponding to 667 tours of the inducer. Vapor fraction was determined instantaneously thus showing the applicability and the precision of the method in such measurements despite of the geometry and rotation speed constraints. Consequently a quantitative and qualitative evaluation of the vapor fraction is presented. Results show that the vapor distribution is well related to cavitation development on the blades of the inducer for steady cavitation condition.
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Submitted on : Thursday, July 12, 2018 - 4:10:41 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, February 7, 2019 - 2:54:17 PM

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Walid Hassan, Stéphane Barre, Samuel Legoupil. Study of the behavior of vapor fraction in a turbopump inducer using an X-ray measurement technique. Experiments in Fluids, Springer Verlag (Germany), 2014, 55, pp.1470 - 1477. ⟨10.1007/s00348-014-1726-4⟩. ⟨cea-01837056⟩

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