A hybrid bundle adjustment/pose-graph approach to VSLAM/GPS fusion for low-capacity platforms

Achkan Salehi 1 Vincent Gay-Bellile 1 Steve Bourgeois 1 Nicolas Allezard 1 Frédéric Chausse 2
1 LVIC - Laboratoire Vision et Ingénierie des Contenus
DIASI - Département Intelligence Ambiante et Systèmes Interactifs : DRT/LIST/DIASI
Abstract : We focus on the real-time fusion of monocular visual SLAM with GPS data in order to obtain city-scale, georeferenced pose estimations and reconstructions. Recently, GPS/VSLAM fusion through constrained local key-frame based Bundle Adjustment (BA) using Barrier Term Optimization (BTO) has proven to be (to the best of our knowledge) the most robust and accurate method. However, this approach requires a higher number of cameras to be considered in the optimization: in practice, more than 30 cameras are necessary, while a typical vision-only BA can succeed with as few as 10 cameras. This problem dimensionality makes the method unsuitable for autonomous embedded platforms of low computational capacity (e.g. MAVs). In this paper, we present a hybrid constrained BA/pose-graph approach using BTO, which is motivated by theoretical observations about covariance changes as a function of the gauge. We show that our method has desirable properties that allows its successful use in a BTO context, and present two different formulations. The experimental validation of our method shows that both our formulations reduce the computational cost in comparison with constrained BA using BTO, without any significant loss of precision. In particular, our first formulation yields a 60% reduction in execution time.
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Achkan Salehi, Vincent Gay-Bellile, Steve Bourgeois, Nicolas Allezard, Frédéric Chausse. A hybrid bundle adjustment/pose-graph approach to VSLAM/GPS fusion for low-capacity platforms. 2017 IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium (IV), Jun 2017, Los Angeles, United States. ⟨10.1109/IVS.2017.7995957⟩. ⟨cea-01830429⟩



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