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Dynamic High Pressure Measurements Using a Fiber Bragg Grating Probe and an Arrayed Waveguide Grating Spectrometer

Yohan Barbarin 1 A. Lefrancois 1 Sylvain Magne 2 K. Woirin 3 F. Sinatti 1 A. Osmont 1 J. Luc 1 
2 LCFO - Laboratoire Capteurs Fibres Optiques
DM2I - Département Métrologie Instrumentation & Information : DRT/LIST/DM2I
Abstract : High pressure shock profiles are monitored using a long Fiber Bragg Grating (FBG). Such thin probe, with a diameter of typically 150 µm, can be inserted directly into targets for shock plate experiments. The shocked FBG's portion is stressed under compression, which increases its optical group index and shortens its grating period. Placed along the 2D symmetrical axis of the cylindrical target, the second effect is stronger and the reflected spectrum shifts towards the shorter wavelengths. The dynamic evolution of FBG spectra is recorded with a customized Arrayed Waveguide Grating (AWG) spectrometer covering the C+L band. The AWG provides 40 channels of 200-GHz spacing with a special flat-top design. The output channels are fiber-connected to photoreceivers (bandwidth: DC - 400 MHz or 10 kHz - 2 GHz). The experimental setup was a symmetric impact, completed in a 110-mm diameter single-stage gas gun with Aluminum (6061T6) impactors and targets. The FBG's central wavelength was 1605 nm to cover the pressure range of 0 - 8 GPa. The FBG was 50-mm long as well as the target's thickness. The 20-mm thick impactor maintains a shock within the target over a distance of 30 mm. For the impact at 522 m/s, the sustained pressure of 3.6 GPa, which resulted in a Bragg shift of (26.2 +/- 1.5) nm, is measured and retrieved with respectively thin-film gauges and the hydrodynamic code Ouranos. The shock sensitivity of the FBG is about 7 nm/GPa, but it decreases with the pressure level. The overall spectra evolution is in good agreement with the numerical simulations.
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Yohan Barbarin, A. Lefrancois, Sylvain Magne, K. Woirin, F. Sinatti, et al.. Dynamic High Pressure Measurements Using a Fiber Bragg Grating Probe and an Arrayed Waveguide Grating Spectrometer. INTERFEROMETRY XVIII, Aug 2016, San Diego, United States. pp.99600U, ⟨10.1117/12.2236651⟩. ⟨cea-01828507⟩



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