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High energy photon reference for radiation protection: Technical design of the LINAC beam and ionization chambers; And calculation of monoenergetic conversion coefficients

D. Dusciac 1 J.-M. Bordy 1 J. Daures 1 V. Blideanu 1
1 LNHB - Laboratoire National Henri Becquerel
DM2I - Département Métrologie Instrumentation & Information : DRT/LIST/DM2I
Abstract : In this work, we present the results of the first part of a research project aimed at offering a complete response to dosimeters providers and nuclear physicists' demands for high-energy (6 - 9 MeV) photon beams for radiation protection purposes. Classical facilities allowing the production of high-energy photonic radiation (proton accelerators, nuclear reactors) are very rare and need large investment for development and use. A novel solution is proposed, consisting in the use of a medical linear accelerator, allowing a significant decrease of all costs.Using Monte Carlo simulations (MCNP5 and PENELOPE codes), a specifically designed electron-photon conversion target allowing for obtaining a high energy photon beam (with an average energy weighted by fluence of about 6 MeV) has been built for radiation protection purposes. Due to the specific design of the target, this "realistic" radiation protection high-energy photon beam presents a uniform distribution of air kerma rate at a distance of 1 m, over a 30 × 30 cm2 surface. Two graphite cavity ionizing chambers for ionometric measurements have been built. For one of these chambers, the charge collection volume has been measured allowing for its use as a primary standard. The second ionizing chamber is used as a transfer standard; as such it has been calibrated in a 60Co beam, and in the high energy photon beam for radiation protection.The measurements with these ionizing chambers allowed for an evaluation of the air kerma rate in the LINAC based high-energy photon beam for radiation protection: the values cover a range between 36 mGy/h and 210 mGy/h, compatible with radiation protection purposes.Finally, using Monte Carlo simulations, conversion coefficients from air kerma to dose equivalent quantities have been calculated in the range between 10 keV and 22.4 MeV, for the spectral distribution of the fluence corresponding to the beam produced by the linear accelerator of the LNE-LNHB.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, June 26, 2018 - 9:55:43 AM
Last modification on : Monday, February 10, 2020 - 6:12:32 PM

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D. Dusciac, J.-M. Bordy, J. Daures, V. Blideanu. High energy photon reference for radiation protection: Technical design of the LINAC beam and ionization chambers; And calculation of monoenergetic conversion coefficients. 32èmes journées des Laboratoires Associés de Radiophysiques et de Dosimétrie, L.A.R.D. 2015, Centre d'Etudes Nucléaires de Bordeaux Gradignan (CENBG), Nov 2015, CENBG, proche de la ville de Bordeaux, France. pp.00004, ⟨10.1051/epjconf/201612400004⟩. ⟨cea-01823484⟩

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