Mining Archaeology and Micro-Raman Analysis Associated with ESEM-EDX: Toward a Chrono-Spatial Definition of Ore Consumption in a Pyrenean Medieval Workshop, 14th-16th Centuries - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Archaeometry Year : 2019

Mining Archaeology and Micro-Raman Analysis Associated with ESEM-EDX: Toward a Chrono-Spatial Definition of Ore Consumption in a Pyrenean Medieval Workshop, 14th-16th Centuries

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Abstract

The rapid expansion of non‐ferrous metallurgy in the late Middle Ages (14th–15th centuries) enhanced ore demand, which was supported by mining intensification. Metallurgical workshops developed various supply strategies based on geological, political and economic constraints. This is particularly true for the Pyrenean multi‐metals workshop of Castel‐Minier (Ariège, France), where recent excavations unearthed an exceptional corpus of non‐ferrous ores. A specific analytical methodology combining micro‐Raman spectroscopy and environmental scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X‐ray (ESEM‐EDX) was set up to study these artefacts. This composite methodology permitted the fast characterization of both mineral and gangue as well as a discussion of their economic potential. Ores identified were compared with ancient mines in neighbouring mining districts in order to sketch a geography of the mineral resources available to medieval metallurgists. Moreover, a chrono‐stratigraphic study of ore distribution in Castel‐Minier revealed the supply strategies, technological choices as well as spatializing of copper and lead metallurgies
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Dates and versions

cea-01811900 , version 1 (11-06-2018)

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Julien Flament, Florian Mercier, C. Dubois, Florian Téreygeol. Mining Archaeology and Micro-Raman Analysis Associated with ESEM-EDX: Toward a Chrono-Spatial Definition of Ore Consumption in a Pyrenean Medieval Workshop, 14th-16th Centuries. Archaeometry, 2019, 61 (1), pp.99-116. ⟨10.1111/arcm.12404⟩. ⟨cea-01811900⟩
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