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On anisotropy function in crystal growth simulations using Lattice Boltzmann equation

Abstract : In this paper, we present the ability of the Lattice Boltzmann (LB) equation, usually applied to simulate fluid flows, to simulate various shapes of crystals. Crystal growth is modeled with a phase-field model for a pure substance, numerically solved with a LB method in 2D and 3D. This study focuses on the anisotropy function that is responsible for the anisotropic surface tension between the solid phase and the liquid phase. The anisotropy function involves the unit normal vectors of the interface, defined by gradients of phase-field. Those gradients have to be consistent with the underlying lattice of the LB method in order to avoid unwanted effects of numerical anisotropy. Isotropy of the solution is obtained when the directional derivatives method, specific for each lattice, is applied for computing the gradient terms. With the central finite differences method, the phase-field does not match with its rotation and the solution is not any more isotropic. Next, the method is applied to simulate simultaneous growth of several crystals, each of them being defined by its own anisotropy function. Finally, various shapes of 3D crystals are simulated with standard and nonstandard anisotropy functions which favor growth in 100-, 110-and 111-directions.
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Contributor : Alain CARTALADE Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, June 1, 2018 - 4:42:13 PM
Last modification on : Monday, December 13, 2021 - 9:14:38 AM

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Amina Younsi, Alain Cartalade. On anisotropy function in crystal growth simulations using Lattice Boltzmann equation. Journal of Computational Physics, Elsevier, 2016, 325, pp.1 - 21. ⟨10.1016/⟩. ⟨cea-01806166⟩



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