Porous diamond pouch cell supercapacitors

Emmanuel Scorsone 1, * Nouha Gattout 2 Lionel Rousseau 2 Gaelle Lissorgues 2
* Corresponding author
1 LCD-LIST - Laboratoire Capteurs Diamant
DM2I - Département Métrologie Instrumentation & Information : DRT/LIST/DM2I
Abstract : Supercapacitors are promising energy storage devices because of fast charge and discharge capacity, long lifetime and high power sources when compared to conventional batteries. Most carbon based supercapacitors nowadays use organic or ionic liquid based electrolytes in order to benefit from the large potential window in those solvents thus enabling more energy storage. However the devices suffer from low ionic mobility in such electrolytes, and also from economical, safety and environmental concerns associated with the use of organic solvents. Boron doped diamond (BDD) features a wide potential window in aqueous electrolytes and high stability toward oxidation in acidic or alkaline media, and therefore offers the possibility for BDD electrodes supercapacitor to operate in water. Here highly porous diamond electrodes fabricated by microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition of BDD over a conductive polypyrrole template with high double layer capacitance around 3 mF cm$^{-2}$ were mounted in symmetrical pouch cell supercapacitor using either 1M H$_2$SO$_4$ or 1M TEABF$_4$ in propylene carbonate electrolytes. The performances of both devices were investigated. Energy and power values close to 1 $\mu$Wh cm$^{-2}$ and 700 $\mu$W cm$^{-2}$ were recorded in water, thus surpassing by almost one order of magnitude the energy storage performances of the device using organic electrolyte.
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Emmanuel Scorsone, Nouha Gattout, Lionel Rousseau, Gaelle Lissorgues. Porous diamond pouch cell supercapacitors. Diamond and Related Materials, Elsevier, 2017, 76, pp.31-37. ⟨10.1016/j.diamond.2017.04.004⟩. ⟨cea-01803824⟩

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