Denoising techniques combined to Monte Carlo simulations for the prediction of high-resolution portal images in radiotherapy treatment verification

Abstract : This work investigates the possibility of combining Monte Carlo (MC) simulations to a denoising algorithm for the accurate prediction of images acquired using amorphous silicon (a-Si) electronic portal imaging devices (EPIDs). An accurate MC model of the Siemens OptiVue1000 EPID was first developed using the penelope code, integrating a non-uniform backscatter modelling. Two already existing denoising algorithms were then applied on simulated portal images, namely the iterative reduction of noise (IRON) method and the locally adaptive Savitzky–Golay (LASG) method. A third denoising method, based on a nonparametric Bayesian framework and called DPGLM (for Dirichlet process generalized linear model) was also developed. Performances of the IRON, LASG and DPGLM methods, in terms of smoothing capabilities and computation time, were compared for portal images computed for different values of the RMS pixel noise (up to 10%) in three different configurations, a heterogeneous phantom irradiated by a non-conformal 15 × 15 cm2 field, a conformal beam from a pelvis treatment plan, and an IMRT beam from a prostate treatment plan. For all configurations, DPGLM outperforms both IRON and LASG by providing better smoothing performances and demonstrating a better robustness with respect to noise. Additionally, no parameter tuning is required by DPGLM, which makes the denoising step very generic and easy to handle for any portal image. Concerning the computation time, the denoising of 1024 × 1024 images takes about 1 h 30 min, 2 h and 5 min using DPGLM, IRON, and LASG, respectively. This paper shows the feasibility to predict within a few hours and with the same resolution as real images accurate portal images, combining MC simulations with the DPGLM denoising algorithm.
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https://hal-cea.archives-ouvertes.fr/cea-01802636
Contributor : Bruno Savelli <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, May 29, 2018 - 3:17:11 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 21, 2019 - 4:57:56 PM

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Delphine Lazaro, Eric Barat, Cindy Le Loirec, Thomas Dautremer, Thierry Montagu, et al.. Denoising techniques combined to Monte Carlo simulations for the prediction of high-resolution portal images in radiotherapy treatment verification. Physics in Medicine and Biology, IOP Publishing, 2013, 58 (10), pp.3433 - 3459. ⟨10.1088/0031-9155/58/10/3433⟩. ⟨cea-01802636⟩

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