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Transformation of body force localized near the surface of a half-space into equivalent surface stresses

Abstract : An electromagnetic acoustic transducer (EMAT) or a laser used to generate elastic waves in a component is often described as a source of body force confined in a layer close to the surface. On the other hand, models for elastic wave radiation more efficiently handle sources described as distributions of surface stresses. Equivalent surface stresses can be obtained by integrating the body force with respect to depth. They are assumed to generate the same field as the one that would be generated by the body force. Such an integration scheme can be applied to Lorentz force for conventional EMAT configuration. When applied to magnetostrictive force generated by an EMAT in a ferromagnetic material, the same scheme fails, predicting a null stress. Transforming body force into equivalent surface stresses therefore, requires taking into account higher order terms of the force moments, the zeroth order being the simple force integration over the depth. In this paper, such a transformation is derived up to the second order, assuming that body forces are localized at depths shorter than the ultrasonic wavelength. Two formulations are obtained, each having some advantages depending on the application sought. They apply regardless of the nature of the force considered
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Clémence Rouge, Alain Lhémery, Damien Ségur. Transformation of body force localized near the surface of a half-space into equivalent surface stresses. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Acoustical Society of America, 2013, 134, pp.2639 - 2646. ⟨10.1121/1.4816489⟩. ⟨cea-01780599⟩



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