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Culture-free Antibiotic-susceptibility Determination From Single-bacterium Raman Spectra

Abstract : Raman spectrometry appears to be an opportunity to perform rapid tests in microbiological diagnostics as it provides phenotype-related information from single bacterial cells thus holding the promise of direct analysis of clinical specimens without any time-consuming growth phase. Here, we demonstrate the feasibility of a rapid antibiotic-susceptibility determination based on the use of Raman spectra acquired on single bacterial cells. After a two-hour preculture step, one susceptible and two resistant E. coli strains were incubated, for only two hours, in the presence of different bactericidal antibiotics (gentamicin, ciprofloxacin, amoxicillin) in a range of concentrations that included the clinical breakpoints used as references in microbial diagnostic. Spectra were acquired and processed to isolate spectral modifications associated with the antibiotic effect. We evidenced an “antibiotic effect signature” which is expressed with specific Raman peaks and the coexistence of three spectral populations in the presence of antibiotic. We devised an algorithm and a test procedure that overcome single-cell heterogeneities to estimate the MIC and determinate the susceptibility phenotype of the tested bacteria using only a few single-cell spectra in four hours only if including the preculture step.
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A. Novelli-Rousseau, I. Espagnon, D. Filiputti, O. Gal, A. Douet, et al.. Culture-free Antibiotic-susceptibility Determination From Single-bacterium Raman Spectra. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2018, 8, pp.3957. ⟨10.1038/s41598-018-22392-9⟩. ⟨cea-01773775⟩

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