# Determining the Partial Pressure of Volatile Components via Substrate-Integrated Hollow Waveguide Infrared Spectroscopy with Integrated Microfluidics.

Abstract : A microfluidic system combined with substrate-integrated hollow waveguide (iHWG) vapor phase infrared spectroscopy has been developed for evaluating the chemical activity of volatile compounds dissolved in complex fluids. Chemical activity is an important yet rarely exploited parameter in process analysis and control. Access to chemical activity parameters enables systematic studies on phase diagrams of complex fluids, the detection of aggregation processes, etc. The instrumental approach developed herein uniquely enables controlled evaporation/permeation from a sample solution into a hollow waveguide structure and the analysis of the partial pressures of volatile constituents. For the example of a binary system, it was shown that the chemical activity may be deduced from partial pressure measurements at thermodynamic equilibrium conditions. The combined microfluidic-iHWG midinfrared sensor system ($\mu$FLUID-IR) allows the realization of such studies in the absence of any perturbations provoked by sampling operations, which is unavoidable using state-of-the-art analytical techniques such as headspace gas chromatography. For demonstration purposes, a water/ethanol mixture was investigated, and the derived data was cross-validated with established literature values at different mixture ratios. Next to perturbation-free measurements, a response time of the sensor <150 s (t$_{90}$) at a recovery time <300 s ($t_{recovery}$) has been achieved, which substantiates the utility of $\mu$FLUID-IR for future process analysis-and-control applications.
Document type :
Journal articles
Domain :

https://hal-cea.archives-ouvertes.fr/cea-01760149
Contributor : Jean Christophe Gabriel <>
Submitted on : Friday, April 6, 2018 - 9:39:57 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, March 5, 2020 - 6:56:49 PM

### Citation

Vjekoslav Kokoric, Johannes Theisen, Andreas Wilk, Christophe Penisson, Gabriel Bernard, et al.. Determining the Partial Pressure of Volatile Components via Substrate-Integrated Hollow Waveguide Infrared Spectroscopy with Integrated Microfluidics.. Analytical Chemistry, American Chemical Society, 2018, 90, pp.4445 - 4451. ⟨10.1021/acs.analchem.7b04425⟩. ⟨cea-01760149⟩

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